NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science.Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City
State whether True or False:
(а) In the western world; modern cities grew with industrialisation.True
(b) Surat and Machlipatnam developed in the nineteenth century. False
(c) In the twentieth century, the majority of Indians lived in cities. False
(d) After 1857 no worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for five years.True
(e) More money was spent on cleaning Old Delhi than New Delhi. False
Fill in the blanks:
(a) The first structure to successfully use the dome was called the Gol Gumbaz
(b) The two architects who designed New Delhi and Shahjahanabad were
Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker
(c) The British saw overcrowded spaces as unhygienic
(d) In 1888 an extension scheme called the Lahore gate improvement scheme was devised.
Identify three differences in the city design of New Delhi and Shahjahanabad.
Who lived in the “white” areas in cities such as Madras?
The British lived in white areas of the cities such as Madras.
What is meant by de-urbanisation?
- De-urbanisation is a process when a large number of people from cities begin to move to other towns/villages. Lack of opportunities like trade, export from ports, and jobs related to trade and exports; was the main cause for this.
- In 18th century many smaller cities, many trading centres and regional centres.If political power declined like Surat, Seringapatam etc.
Why did the British choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital?
After the revolt of 1857, numerous events took place in Delhi.
- In 1877, Viceroy Lytton organised a Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the Empress of India.
- Calcutta was still the capital of British India, but the grand Durbar was being held in Delhi because during the Revolt, the British realised the importance of the Mughal emperor to the people.
- It was therefore important to celebrate British power with pomp and show in Delhi.
How did the Old City of Delhi change under British rule?
1. The British wanted Delhi to forget its Mughal past.
2. The area around the Fort was completely cleared of gardens, pavilions and mosques
(temples were left intact) for security reasons.
- Mosques in particular were either destroyed, or put to other uses.
- The Zinat-al-Masjid was converted into a bakery.
- No worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for five years.
- One-third of the city was demolished.
- Its canals were filled up.
- In the 1870s, the western walls of Shahjahanabad were broken to establish the railways and to allow the city to expand beyond the walls.
- The Delhi College was turned into a school, and shut down in 1877.
3. The British now began living in the sprawling Civil Lines away from the Indians in the Walled City.
How did the Partition affect life in Delhi?
1. Partition of India into India and Pakistan in. 1947 led to a massive transfer of populations on both sides of the new border.
2. Partition led to fierce rioting. Muslims left Delhi for Pakistan and Hindu and Sikh refugees came from Pakistan.
- Population of Delhi swelled, jobs changed and culture became different.
- Delhi became a city of refugees. Nearly 500,000 people were added to Delhi’s population and in 1951 this addition was little over 8,00,000.
- Most of these migrants were from Punjab.
- They stayed in camps, schools, military barracks, gardens etc.
- New colonies like Lajpat Nagar and Tilak Nagar came up at this time.
3. Skills and professions of the refugees were different from those they replaced. Lives and occupations of people changed.
4. Social fabric of Delhi changed. Urban culture based on Urdu was overshadowed by new tastes in food, arts and dresses.
Find out the history of the town you live in or of any town nearby. Check when and how it grew, and how it has changed over the years. You could look” at the history of the bazaars, the buildings, cultural institutions, and settlements.
Monu Nagar (An Imaginary Town):
1. Monu Nagar was a small village along G.T. Road.
2. People in the village lived a simple life, mostly of agriculturist.
3. Slowly modern life style came.
- People started shops along the road.
- Some started repairs of vehicles, cycles, scooters and agriculture implements etc.
4. Agriculture as occupation declined.
5. Several schools, a college and health center developed over years.
6. Some air conditioned restaurants were opened during last five years.
7.It has become a big town.
Make a list of at least ten occupations in the city, town or village to which you belong, and find out how long they have existed. What does this tell you about the changes within this area?
Some of these professions changed due to demographic changes. The changes were gradual. This showed that occupational changes bring a cultural and social changes. Write yourself about changes with the help of your teacher.
Objective Type Questions
2. State whether True or False:
(1) The British lived in white areas of the cities. True
(2) The British wanted Delhi to forget its Mughal past. True
(3)The Jama-Masjid was converted into Bakery by British. False:
(4) In 1877, the Queen Victoria was recognised as the Empress of India, True
(5) Lakpre gate improvement scheme was devised in the year 1905.False:
3. Fill in the blanks:
(1) In the 1870s, the western walls of Shahjahanabad were broken to establish the railways.
(2)The Mughal aristocracy in the 17th and 18th century lived in havelis
(3) A haveli (is) housed by many families
(4) The central dome of the Viceroy’s Palace was copied from the Buddhist Stupa
(5) The British exiled Bahadur Shah Zafar to Burma (now Myanmar)
Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct answer:
1. Which of the following was manufacturing town?
2. Which of the following city was Not developed as Presidency city in colonial India?
3. How many Delhi Muslints migrated in 1947 partition of India?
(a) Over two-third of the Delhi Muslims
(b) Over one-third of the Delhi Muslims
(c) Over three-fourth of the Delhi Muslims
(d) None of the above
4. Most of the migrants in Delhi were from
5. Which was NOT the new British Port in the late eighteenth century?
6. Which region was NOT de-urbanised in the 19th century?
7. Which was NOT the place of East India Company’s ‘factories’?
8. When did the British gain control of Delhi?
9. When did Delhi become the capital of British India?
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