NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 8 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science.Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 8 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation
Match the following:
State whether True or False:
- James Mill was a severe critic of the Orientalists. True
- The 1854 Despatch on education was in favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India. True
- Mahatma Gandhi thought that promotion of literacy was the most important aim of education. False
- Rabindranath Tagore felt that children ought to be subjected to strict discipline. False
Why did William Jones feel the need to study Indian history, philosophy, and law?
- In order to understand India, it was necessary to discover the sacred and legal texts that were produced in the ancient period.
- Only those texts could reveal the real ideas and laws of the Hindus and Muslims and only a new study of these texts could form the basis of future development in India.
- He believed that this project would not only help the British learn from Indian culture, but it would also help Indians rediscover their own heritage and understand the lost glories of their past.
- In this process, the British would become the guardians of Indian culture as well as its masters.
Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was essential in India?
Both James Mill and Thomas Macaulay saw India as an uncivilized country that needed to be civilized. And for this purpose, European education Was essential. They felt that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature of the world, it would make them aware of the developments in Western science and philosophy. teaching English could thus be a way of civilizing people, changing their tastes, values, and culture.
Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?
- According to him, this would develop a person’s mind and soul.
- Simply, learning to read and write by itself does not count as education. So, people had to work with their hands, learn a craft, and know-how different things operated. This would develop their mind and their capacity to understand.
Why did Mahatma Gandhi think that English education had enslaved Indians?
Mahatma Gandhi was dead against English education. He argued that this type of education had created a sense of inferiority in the minds of Indians. It had made them see Western civilization as superior and had destroyed the pride they had in their own culture. It had cast an evil spell on Indians. Education in English had crippled them, distanced them from their own surroundings, and made them strangers in their own lands. What is more, it had enslaved them.
Find out from your grandparents about what they studied in school.
- Urdu/Hindi language
- The social study, Drawing.
Find out about the history of your school or any other school in the area you live.
History of our school
- Established as a middle school — Organised in tents.
- No furniture.
- Supplied furniture by Government.
- Rooms got constructed.
- Raised to secondary than to senior school.
- After 10 years Pucca building got constructed.
- All the amenities provided.
- Now a full-fledged and flourishing Sarvodaya Bal Vidyalaya upto 12th standard.
Objectives Type Questions
1. Match the following:
2. State whether True or False:
- Mahatma Gandhi was the promotor of the English language. False
- William Jones had respect for ancient cultures. True
- Thomas Macaulay thought that European education was necessary for India. True
- William Carey had an appointment as a Supreme Court Judge. False
- Hindu College was set up at Banaras to encourage the study of ancient Hindi texts, False
- William Adam was a Scottish missionary True
3. Fill in the blanks:
- Mahatma Gandhi favoured Indian languages as a medium of instruction.
- William Jones had respect for Indian ancient cultures.
- Charles Wood emphasised the practical benefits of a system of European
- Rabindra Nath Tagore started the Santiniketan in 1901.
- According to Adam’s report, there were over 1 lakh Pathshalas in Bengal and Bihar.
Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct answer:
1. William Jones was a linguist because
(a) he had studied Greek and Latin
(b) he knew French and English
(c) he had learned Persian
(d) all of these
2. Who set up the Asiatic Society of Bengal?
(a) William Jones
(b) Henry Thomas Colebrooke
(c) Nathaniel Halhed
(d) All of these
3. Madrasa was set up in, Calcutta in the year
4. According to whom, “English education had enslaved Indians”?
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Subhas Chandra Bose
(d) Aacharya Vinoba Bhave
5. The Education Act was introduced in the year
6. Asiatick Researches (Journal) was NOT started by
(a) Henry Thomas Colebrooke
(b) Henry Thomas
(c) Nathaniel Halhed
(d) William Carey
7. Study of which of the following was NOT the purpose of setting up Madrasa in Calcutta in 1781?
(d) Islamic laws
8. Who was Charles Wood?
(а) The President of the Board of Control of the Company
(b) Commissioner of the Board of Control of the Company
(c) An Educationist
(d) None of the above
9. The English Education Act was passed
(a) to materialize Macaulay’s thinking
(b) to make English the medium of instruction for higher education
(c) to stop the promotion of oriental institutions
(d) all of the above
10. What type of school did Tagore want to set up?
(a) Where the child was happy
(b) Where he/she could be free and creative
(c) He/she was able to explore her own thoughts and desire
(d) All of the above
11. Who said this “Education means all-round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind and spirit”?
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(d) None of these
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