NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 5 When People Rebel
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given .NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 5 When People Rebel
What was the demand of Rani Lakshmibai ofJhansi that was refused by the British?
To accept her adopted son to succeed the throne of the king, after the death of her
What did the British do to protect the interests of those who converted to Christianity? Answer:
They were allowed to inherit the property of their ancestors.
What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use?
Objections the sepoys had to the new cartridges were:
- The cartridges were greased with the fat of cows and pigs.
- The sepoys had to use mouth to remove the covering of the cartridges.
- Thtey termed the cartridges to be a violation of the religious sentiments.
- Hence, they rebelled.
How did the last Mughal emperor live the last years of his life?
Last Years of Life of the Mughal Emperor
Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last emperor of the Mughal dynasty. He played an important role in the revolt of 1857 against the British. In September, 1857 the British established their control over Delhi and Bahadur Shah was imprisoned. He was sent to Rangoon along with her wife Begum Zinat Mahal. In 1862, he died in Rangoon.
What could be the reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857?
Reasons for confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May, 1857
- The traditional rulers failed to develop independent leadership.
- They also failed to have independent social, economic and political aims of their own.
- They fought among themselves and could not present a united front against the foreign rule.
- A section of the people practiced inhuman social practices. They did not rise in revolt against the Britishers.
What impact did Bahadur Shah Zafar’s support to the rebellion have on the people
and the ruling families?
Bahadur Shah’s support to the rebellion changed the scene:
- Large part of country was ruled by chiefs under Mughal rule and threatened by British. They thought if Mughal could be powerful again, they too could rule again, under Mughal authority.
- Emperor’s blessing to the rebels gave an alternative and filled people with courage and enthusiasm to fight.
How did the British succeed in securing the submission of the rebel landowners of Awadh?
British succeeded in securing the submissions of the rebel landowners of Awadh:
- They provided inheritance rights to the landowners (who would enjoy traditional rights over their land).
- They were exempted from taxes.
- They were rewarded.
- They would be safe and their rights and claims would not be denied to them.
In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857?
Some important changes brought by the British after the revolt were:
1. According to Act of 1858 powers of East India Company were transferred to British Crown in India.
- Secretary of State was appointed for governance and Governor General was given the title of Viceroy.
- Secretary of State was to be assisted by a council of 15 members. It was only a advisory body.
- Governor General was answerable to the Secretary of State.
2. All rulers were made to acknowledge British Queen as Sovereign Paramount and were allowed to pass their kingdoms to their heirs.
- Proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced. More soldiers were taken from Gurkhas, Sikhs and Pathans.
3. Muslims were seen held responsible for rebellion and their land was confiscated.
4. Social and religious practices were given respect.
- Zamindars and landlords were given protection and rights over their lands.
Find out stories and songs remembered by people in your area or your family about San Sattavan ki Ladaai. What memories do people cherish about the great uprising?
Songs and Stories
- Sepoy Mutiny started from Meerut. .
- Support of Bahadur Shah Zafar.
- Spread of the mutiny over all of India.
- Thousands of Firangis killed.
- Thousands of people sacrificed their lives.
- Mutiny suppressed.
- British Foundation was shaken in India.
- Concessions given to Indians.
Find out more about Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. In what ways would she have been an unusual woman for her times?
Rani of Jhansi. Rani Lakshmibai was the bravest among all the leaders of 1857 who tried to defeat the British forces. After the death of her husband she had adopted a son but the then Governor General, Lord Dalhousie refused to give the rule of Jhansi to the adopted child and Jhansi was annexed to the British Empire. When the revolt started against the British, Rani Lakshmibai also participated in it and fought very bravely. Her bravery would always continue to inspire the Indians. With the help of her commanders Nana Sahib, Tantia Tope and her Afghan supporters, she occupied Gwalior. Hearing about her bravery, the army of Scindia deserted their Maharaja and joined Rani of Jhansi. In the end she was defeated by the British and died fighting bravely against the British.
She might be called an unusual woman of her times because of the following reasons:
- She became widow at the age of 15 years but she did not lose heart.
- She did not accept the British atrocities and challenged them.
- She ruled Jhansi very bravely and efficiently after her husband’s death.
Objective Type Question
2. State whether True or False:
(1) Meerut was one of the last territory to be annexed. False
(2) The sepoys were angry with the British because the photo of Bahadur Shah Zafar was removed from the coins. False
(3) In 1857, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. True
(4) British were very happy after 1857 Revolt.False
(5) The British passed a new act in 1858 transferring the powers of East India Company to British crown. True
3. Fill in the blanks:
(1) Bahadur Shah Zafar died in Rangoon
(2) Raja Gangadhar Rao was the husband of the Rani of Jhansi Lakshmibai.
(3) Nawabs kings felt in the mid-eighteenth century that their powers were being eroded.
(4) The company began to plan to bring the Mughal dynasty to an end.
(5) Rani Lakshmibai was killed in June
(6) Tantia Tope was the general of Nana Sahib.
(7) In Delhi, a large number of ghazis (religious warriors) came together to wipe out the white people.
Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct answer:
1. Bakht Kfian was a soldier from
2.continued to fight a guerrilla war against British.
(a) Rani Lakshmibai
(b) Tantia Tope
(c) Nana Saheb
(d) Peshwa Baji Rao II
3. The Mutiny started from
4. How many sepoys were dismissed from service and sentenced to ten years in jail on 9 May, 1857?
5. The sepoys were angry with the British because
(a) of their policy of divide and rule
(b) of the cartridge episode
(c) of their intolerating behaviour
(d) none of these
6. Which emperor blessed the Mutiny?
(a) Mir Zafar
(b) Bahadur Shah Zafar
(c) Bhakt Khan
(d) Npne of these
7. Who was given the title of viceroy?
(a) Chief Commissioner
(c) Forest Manager
(d) None of these
8. Subsidiary Alliance was imposed on Awadh in
9. When was law making conversion to Christianity made easier?
10. Which of the following is the decision taken by British to reform the Indian Society?
(a) Law against the practice of Sati
(b) They encouraged the remarriage of widow
(c) English education was actively promoted
(d) All of the above
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