NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 12 India After Independence
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 12 India After Independence
Name three problems that the newly independent nation of India faced.
- Problem of refugees for their rehabilitation.
- Integration of princely states into a united India.
- Economic and social disparity.
What was the role of the Planning Commission ?
Role of Planning Commission
- Lifting India and Indians out of poverty, and building a modem technical and industrial base were among the major objectives of the new commission.
- A broad agreement was reached on “mixed economy” model.
- In mixed economy both the State and the private sector would play important and complementary roles in increasing production and generating jobs.
- These roles were:
- Which industries should be initiated by the state.
- Which industries by the market.
- How to achieve a balance between the different regions and states.
- Roles of state and private sector were to be defined by the Planning Commission.
- To make 5 year plans.
Fill in the blanks:
(а) Subjects that were placed on the Union List were Taxes, defence and foreign affairs
(b) Subjects on the Concurrent List were forests and agriculture
(c) Economic planning by which both the state and the private sector played a role in development was called a mixed economy model.
(d) The death of Potti Sriramulu sparked off such violent protests that the government was forced to give in to the demand for the linguistic state of Andhra.
State whether True or False:
(1) At independence, the majority of Indians lived in villages. True
(2) the Constituent Assembly was made up of members of the Congress party. False
(3) In the first national election, only men were allowed to vote. False
(4)The second Five Year Plan focused on the development of heavy industry. True
What did Dr. Ambedkar mean when he said that “In politics we will have equality, and in social and economic life we will have inequality”?
By the statement, he meant that in political life UAF would give equality. We have one person one vote policy. But this would not automatically remove inequality between castes, rich or poor.In our social and economic life the principle of one man one value will still be denied.
After independence, why was there a reluctance to divide the country on linguistic lines?
- Way back in the 1920s, the Indian National Congress in the beginning had promised that after independence, each major linguistic group would have its own province.
- After independence the Congress did not take any steps to honour this promise.
- India had been divided on the basis of religion: despite the wishes and efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, freedom had come not to one nation but to two.
- As a result of the partition of India, more than ten lakh people had been killed in riots between Hindus and Muslims.
- The country could not afford further divisions on the basis of language.
- Both Prime Minister Nehru and Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Patel were against the creation of states on the basis of languages.
Give one reason why English continued to be used in India after independence.
Because of the opposition against Hindi in South Indian States, English is still used in courts, services and communication between states.
How was the economic development of India visualised in the early decades after
1. In 1956, the Second Five Year Plan
2. This plan focused strongly on the development of heavy industries like steel, and on the building of large dams.
3. These sectors would be under the control of the State.
- The focus on heavy industry, and the effort at state regulation of the economy was to guide economic policy for the next few decades.
- This approach had many strong supporters, but also some vocal critics.
Who was Mira Behn? Find out more about her life and her ideas.
Mira Behn was actually Madeline shade, daughter of British admiral. Mira Behn wrote in 1949, “by science and machinery the mankind may get huge returns for a time, but ultimately will come desolation. We have got to study Nature’s balance, anck develop our lives within her laws, if we are to survive as a physically healthy and morally decent species.” She worked with Mahatma Gandhi.
Find out more about the language divisions in Pakistan that led to the creation of the new nation of Bangladesh. How did Bangladesh achieve independence from Pakistan?
After division of India in 1947 into India and Pakistan (West and East), the Urdu speaking rulers of West Pakistan kept torturing the Bengali speaking population of East Pakistan. A time came when the East Pakistani population rose in revolt against West Pakistan. The government committed atrocities on the Bengalis and thousands of them came to India as refugees.
The Bengali population formed Mukti Vahini under the leadership of Muziburr Rehman. India helped him and got the West PAKISTANI army surrendered. As a result Bangladesh came into being on 16th December 1971.
Objective Type Questions
1. Match the following:
2. State whether True or False:
(1) At Independence, the majority of Indians lived in cities. False
(2) The Constituent Assembly was made up of members of Muslim League. False
(3) In the first national election, only men of age 30 was allowed to vote. False
(4) The second Five Year Plan focussed on the development of agriculture. False
(5) B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution, True
(6) The second Five Year Plan was formulated in 1952. False
(7) The population of India in 1947 was 38 crore. False
3. Fill in the blanks:
(1) Nathurain Godse assassinated Gandhiji.
(2) On 26 january 1950 our Constitution was adopted.
Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct answer:
1. How many countries of the world joined the conference of Bandung in Indonesia?
(a) 29 countries
(b) Less than 20 countries
(c) More than 100 countries
(d) 100 countries
2. Dharavi, the largest slum of the world, is situated in
3. The leader who went on hunger strike for the Andhra Pradesh to protect the interest of Telugu speakers is
(a) Chitta Ranjan Das
(b) Potti Sriramulu
(c) Krishna Menon
(d) None of these
4. The Bhilai steel plant was set up in the year
5. How many Indians formed the Constituent Assembly?
(a) One hundred
(b) Two hundred
(c) Three hundred
(d) Four hundred
6. New state of Andhra Pradesh came into being
(a) on 1 October, 1953
(b) on 15 October, 1953
(c) on 1 May, 1953
(d) on 15 May, 1953
7. Mukti Vahini was formed by the Bengali Population under the leadership of
(a) Mira Behn
(b) Muziburr Rehman
(c) Potti Sriramulu
(d) None of these
8. Which is NOT the features of our constitution?
(а) Adoption of Universal Adult Franchise
(b) Preference to Hindu Religion
(c) Equal rights to all citizens
(d) Special privileges for the poorest and most disadvantageous Indians
9. Up to which date were many of the princely states retained as administrative units?
(a) Up to October 15, 1947
(b) Up to October 31, 1947
(c) Up to October 15, 1955
(d) Up to October 31, 1956
10. The United Nations was formed in .
11. India, celebrated its 60th year of independence
(a) on August 15, 2007
(b) on August 15, 2009
(c) on January 26, 2005
(d) on January 15, 2005
12. Pakistan was divided into two parts because of
(a) imposition of Persian on the Bengali speaking of the east
(b) imposition of Islamic language on the Bengali speaking of the east
(c) imposition of Urdu on Bengali speaking population of the east
(d) none of the above
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