NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities.
|Subject||Social Science History|
|Chapter Name||In the Earliest Cities|
|Number of Questions Solved||8|
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES (Page 42)
How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation?
Actual pieces of cloth have been found in Mohenjodaro, attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects. Spindle whorls have also been discovered, which were used to spin thread. This indicates cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation.
Match the columns:
Why were metals, writing, the wheel, and the plough important for the Harappans?
- Metals were used for Copper and bronze: Making tools, weapons, ornaments, vessels. Gold and silver: Ornaments, vessels.
- Writing has always been a very important means of communication. It was important for the Harappans also.
- The wheel was used in carts and pottery.
- The plough was used to dig the earth for turning the soil and for planting seeds.
Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. What do you think children would have enjoyed playing with the most?
List of the Terracotta Toys
- A toy cart made of clay.
- Small clay carts resembling the modern ekhas.
- Whistles made in the form of birds and rattles of all kinds.
- Models of different cattle and animals. (Humped bull, Rhinoceros)
- Jewellery articles.
We think that girls would have enjoyed dolls and puppets most, while the male children would have enjoyed carts or ekhas and rattles.
Make a list of what the Harappans ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.
The Harappans used to eat the following articles/things (See Left Hand Column):
|Harappans food articles||Tick mark
(against the things we eat today)
Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in Chapter 3? Give reasons for your answer.
Some points of difference between the lives of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities, and those of the previous chapter:
(i) Tools. Harappan farmers and herders used a wooden tool called plough which was used for turning the soil and planting seeds. The earlier farmers and herder used mortars and pestle for grinding grain. Their tools were also made of bone. ‘
(ii) Irrigation. Harappan farmers and herders used irrigation for better produce while the earlier ones did not.
(iii) Storage. The Harappan farmers stored food in well-built granaries and not in clay pots, baskets, etc.
(iv) Residence. Harappan farmers lived on the outskirts of cities, whereas there were no settled cities in the time of the farmers and herders in Chapter 3.
Describe three important buildings in your city or village. Are they located in a special part of the settlement (e.g. The Centre)? What are the activities that take place in these buildings?
In our city (or village) the following three important buildings are located:
- Community Hall or Gram Panchayat Bhawan or Municipal Committee Bhawan
- School Building
- Temple or Mosque or Church or Gurudwara
(Any three groups or points.)
The following activities take place in these buildings respectively:
- Community Hall. Marriage Parties or Public Functions.
Gram Panchayat Bhawan. In this Bhawan (Building) Panchayat holds its meetings and discusses our village problems.
Municipal Committee Bhawan. In this Bhawan city’s elected members meet under a chairman and discuss problems of the city.
- School Building. In this building, education is provided to boys and girls of our village or city.
- Hospital. Here ill people or patients come and consult doctors, compounders or nurses as per their diseases or requirements.
- Temple or Mosque or Church or Gurudwara. People come and participate in prayer (or Namaz) according to their own religion and faith. (Any three points.)
Are there any old buildings in your locality? Find out how old they are and who looks after them.
Yes, there are some old buildings in our locality. These buildings are looked after by a government department. The name of this department is the Archaeological Survey of India.
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