NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 10 Traders, Kings and Pilgrims are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 10 Traders, Kings and Pilgrims.
|Subject||Social Science History|
|Chapter Name||Traders, Kings and Pilgrims|
|Number of Questions Solved||8|
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 10 Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES (Pages 109-110)
Match the following:
|Lords of the Dakshinapatha||Buddhacharita|
|Xuan Zang||Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas|
|Muvendar||Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas|
|Lords of the Dakshinapatha||Satavahana rulers|
|Xuan Zang||Chinese pilgrim|
Why did kings want to control the Silk Route?
Kings wanted to control the Silk Route because they could benefit from taxes, tributes and gifts that were brought by traders and the pdople along the route.
What kinds of evidence do historians use to find out about trade and trade routes?
The historians use the following evidences to find out about trade and trade routes:
1. Archaeologists have collected information about the Northern Black Polished Ware. They have provided information about bowls and plates which were found from several sites throughout the subcontinent. They guess that traders might have been carried from the place where they were made, to other places.
2. Historians find evidence of trade in Sangam poems (or literary works). Here is one example which describes the goods brought into Puhar an important port on the east coast:
- Swift prancing horses by sea in ships
- bales of black pepper in carts
- gems and gold born in the Himalayas
- sandalwood born in the western hills
- the pearls of the southern seas
- corals from the eastern occeans
- the yield of the Ganga and the crops from the Kaveri
- foodstuffs from Sri Lanka
- pottery from Myanmar and other rare and rich imports.
3. Using different historical sources the historians tell us that south India was famous for gold, spices, especially pepper, and precious stones. Pepper was particularly valued in the Roman empire, so much so that it was known as black gold. So, Indian traders carried many of these goods in ships, across the sea, and in caravans, to Rome. Many Roman gold coins have been found in south India. These coins are considered great proofs of trade relations between ancient India and Roman empire.
4. Traders explored several sea routes along the coasts. Other routes passed across the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, where sailors took advantage of the monsoon winds to cross the seas more quickly. So, if they desired to reach the western coast of the subcontinent from East Africa or Arabia, they chose to sail with the south west monsoon.
What were the main features of Bhakti?
- Bhakti is generally understood as a person’s devotion to his or her chosen deity.
- The idea of Bhakti is present in the Bhagavad Gita, a sacred book of the Hindus.
- In the Bhagavad Gita (which is included in the Mahabharata), Krishna the God, asks Arjuna, his devotee and friend, to abandon all dharmas and take refuge in him, as only he can set Arjuna free from every evil.
- Those who followed the system of Bhakti emphasized devotion and individual worship of a single god or goddess, rather than the performance of elaborate sacrifices.
- Deities who were worshipped through Bhakti included Shiva, Vishnu and goddesses such as Durga. This form of worship became an important feature of Hinduism.
Discuss the reasons why the Chinese pilgrims came to India?
The Chinese pilgrims (Fa-Xian, Xuan Zang and I-Qing) came to India to visit places associated with the life and teachings of the Buddha as well as famous monasteries. They had in Buddhist religious books also. They carried some books back with them.
Why do you think ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti?
- I think that ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti because Bhakt-saint used the language of people, which they could understand easily.
- The saints emphasized the worship of certain deities, which became a central feature of later Hinduism, gained in importance.
- These deities included Shiva, Vishnu and goddesses such as Durga. Bhakti is generally understood as a person’s devotion to his or her chosen deity.
- Anybody, whether rich or poor, belonging to the so called ‘high’ or ‘low’ castes, man or woman, could follow the path of Bhakti.
- They stressed on simple ways for Moksha or salvation, the last aim of life.
List five things that you buy from the market. Which of these are made in the city/village in which you live and which are brought by traders from other areas?
List of things that we buy from the market:
(a) Things made in our city
- The pots and pans of shiny steel.
- Bright plastic baskets.
- Cloth printed with brilliant floral designs.
- Clockwork or electronic toys.
- Radio and Television sets.
(b) Things made in our village
- Clay pots made by our village potter.
- Leather shoes and Chappals manufactured by our village shoemaker.
- Wooden toys and articles manufactured by our village carpenter.
- Iron and metal tools and articles made by our village blacksmith.
- Ring and other ornaments made by our village goldsmith.
(c) Things brought by our traders
- Swift prancing horses by sea in ships.
- Bales of black pepper in carts.
- Gems and gold from the southern India.
- Sandalwood collected from the forests of Karnataka.
- The pears of the southern seas.
There are several major pilgrimages performed by people in India today. Find out about anyone of them and write a short description.
[Hint: Who can go on the pilgrimage—men, women or children? How long does it take? How do people travel? What do they take with them? What do they do when they reach the holy place? Do they bring anything back with them?]
Self Study or Self Exercise.
However some useful hints for students’ help are given below:,
India is a secular country. We find here the followers of almost all major religions of the world including Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Parsi etc.
Major Pilgrims performed by the people in India are:
- Visit shrine or Temple or Dargah on foot or by bus, or by train or by aeroplane and even using ponies or horses or walking on foot, for example, visit to Kailash Mansarover, to Shiv Ling ahead from Pahalgaon (J.K.), to Vaishnodevi shrine, to Ajmer-Pushkar or Dargah of Chisti, etc.
- To participate in Rathyatra (Puri in Orissa).
- Visit Tirupati or Minakshi temple or Char Dham.
- Hajj (performed by Muslims only).
- Visit Golden Temple, Hazur Sahib, or other historical Gurudawara Sahibs by Sikhs, Hindus and others.
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