Sentences When we speak or write we use words. We generally use these words in groups; as, Little Jack Horner sat in a corner. A group of words like this, which makes complete sense, is called a Sentence.
This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. There are example sentences to show how the language is used.
Sentences Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
Kinds of Sentences
Sentences are of four kinds:
- Those which make statements or assertions; as,
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
- Those which ask questions; as,
Where do you live?
- Those which express commands, requests, or entreaties; as,
Have mercy upon us.
- Those which express strong feelings; as,
How cold the night is!
What a shame!
A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called a Declarative or Assertive sentence.
A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative sentence.
A sentence that expresses a command or an entreaty is called an Imperative sentence.
A sentence that expresses strong feeling is called an Exclamatory sentence.
These sentences merely assert an incident or a fact.
e.g. The sun is a big star. (Affirmative)
The Taj is a beautiful monument. (Affirmative)
He is not in Delhi. (Negative)
It does not glow at night. (Negative)
Sentences that affirm one or the other fact are called affirmative sentences. First two sentences listed above are affirmative ones.
Sentences that negate a fact are called negative sentences. The last two sentences listed above are negative sentences.
Interrogative Sentences :
These sentences simply ask questions.
- Where are you?
- When is your flight?
- Have you finished your work?
- Was your paper tough?
Note: Put a question mark (?) at the end of a questions.
Questions are of two types:
- Those begin with helping (auxiliary) verbs (be, is, are, am, was, were, has, have, had, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, might, etc.) Examples:
Have you met her?
Was your examination easy?
- Those begin with ‘Wh’ question words (why, where, when, how, whose, whom etc.) are followed by helping words.
Who is this lady?
Why are you late?
These sentences are used to order, advise, command or ask for some favour, Examples are:
- Come here. (Order)
- Please give me something to eat. (Request)
- Listen to her. (order/advice)
- Do not smoke here. (prohibition)
- Begin an imperative sentence with a verb.
- Do not use a subject. It is always You’ and is not mentioned.
- Imperative sentences end with a full stop.
These sentences express sudden feelings and emotions of the speaker.
- Hush! the baby is asleep.
- Bravo! our school team won the finals. (Joy)
- Alas! I’ve lost my job. (Sorrow)
- How pretty the picture is! (Surprise)
- What a fool I am!
Simple, compound and complex sentences
Simple sentences contain one clause:
- The girl is learning how to drive.
Complex sentences contain more than one clause.
- The girl who is learning how to drive is still twelve years old.
- She faced the whole trouble with courage and managed to solve the problem all by herself.
A Simple Sentence
A simple sentence is one which has only one subject and one predicate. [Or] A simple sentence is one which has only one finite verb.
Sentence 2 consists of two parts:
- The moon was bright.
- We could see our way;
These two parts are joined by the Co-ordinating conjunction and. Each part contains a subject and a predicate of its own. Each part is what we call a clause.
We further Notice that each clause makes good sense by itself, and hence could stand by itself as a separate sentence. Each clause is therefore independent of the other or of the same order or rank, and is a called a principal or main clause.
- You can’t surprise a man with a dog.
A Complex Sentence
A complex sentence consists of one Main clause and more subordinate clauses.
Sentence 5 consists of the three clauses:
- The people said. (main clause)
- As the boxers advanced into the ring. (subordinate adverb clause)
- They would not allow them to fight. (subordinate noun clause)
Such a sentence is also called a complex sentence.
- Diplomacy is the art of saying “nice doggie” until you can find a rock. (Will Rogers, 1879 – 1935)
- When you’re on the internet, nobody knows you’re a dog. (Peter Steiner)
A Compound Sentence
A sentence, such as the second, which is made up of Principal or Main Clause, is called a compound sentence. Sentence 3 consists of three clauses of the same order or rank. In other words, sentence 3 consists of three principal or main clauses, viz:
- Night came on.
- Rain fell heavily.
- We all got very wet.
Such a sentence is also called a compound sentence.
A compound sentence is one made up of two or more principal or Main Clauses.
Transformation of Sentences
It is possible to transform one type of sentence to another type without changing the meaning of the sentence.
This process is known as transformation of sentences. A declarative sentence can be changed to the interrogative and vice versa. No one knows when the train will arrive in Delhi. (declarative)
Does no one knows when the train will arrive in Delhi. (interrogative)
Is this the kind of dress to wear to school? (interrogative)
This is not the kind of dress one should wear to school. (declarative)
An exclamatory sentence can be changed to the declarative.
How peacefully the infant lies in its cot! (exclamatory)
The infant lies peacefully in its cot. (declarative)
How can I ever forget those happy days! (exclamatory)
I can never forget those happy days. (declarative)
Although an exclamatory sentence can be transformed into a declarative sentence, in many occasions the ex clamatory sentence is preferred for the emotional effect that it imparts.
Transforming Affirmative Sentences to Negative
It is possible to transform affirmative sentences to negative sentences and vice-versa, without changing their meaning
- By replacing certain words and expressions with their antonyms
All the students like the new teacher.
This medicine is expensive.
- By changing the degree of comparison.
None of the students dislike the new teacher.
This medicine is not cheap / inexpensive.
Iron is more durable than wood.
Aamir is the tallest boy in the class.
Wood is not as durable as iron.
No other boy in the class is as tall as Aamir.
- By replacing too (adjective) ‘to’ infinitive with so (adjective) that … can not I could not I would net.
It is too hot to play outside.
The man was too proud to beg.
It is so hot that we cannot play outside.
The man was so proud that he would not beg.
- By replacing as soon as I hardly had … when with no sooner than.
As soon as I reached the station the train arrived.
No sooner did I reach the station than the train arrived.
Types Of Sentences Exercises Solved Examples for Class 8 CBSE
Read the following sentences and state whether they are simple, complex or compound.
- A simple sentence has just one clause.
- A complex sentence has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
- A compound sentence has two or more clauses of equal rank.
(i) The girl looked at her brother and smiled. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(ii) Janet went to the library to borrow some books. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(iii) The water was so cold that we could not swim in it. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(iv) The little girl started crying when she couldn’t find her toy. (Simple / Complex/ Compound)
(v) I live in a large city. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(vi) As soon as the bell rang, the children rushed out. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(vii) We saw a film which was based on the life of Nelson Mandela. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(viii) His crude remarks offended me. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(ix) Jane and Alice had their dinner and went for a walk. (Simple / Complex / Compound)
(x) The boys and the girls were shouting loudly. (Simple 7 Complex / Compound)
Complete the sentences using a suitable subject.
(i) ____________ rises in the East.
(ii) ____________ is good for health.
(iii) ____________ is money.
(iv) ____________ is wealth.
(y) ____________ is one.
(vi) ____________ is a hot day.
(vii) ____________ is a big city.
(viii) ____________ is the Oapital of Pakistan.
(ix) ____________ never fit well.
(x) ____________ is the best physician.
(i) The Sun
(ix) Borrowed garments
Types Of Sentences Exercises Practice Examples for Class 8 CBSE
Transform the following declarative sentences to the interrogative and the exclamatory. The first one has been done as an example.
(i) He has a lot of work to do.
Interrogative: Does he have a lot of work to do?
Exclamatory: What a lot of work he has to do!
(ii) Too many people in Delhi own cars.
(iii) This sort of behavior is unacceptable.
(iv) It was a cold and stormy night.
(v) We enjoyed ourselves at the party.
(vi) Jatin is a disappointment to his family.
(vii) Childhood days are absolute without care.
(viii) We can work much harder.
(ix) Health is more precious than wealth.
(x) your mother has a lovely smile.
Add the correct ending punctuation. Then write whether the sentence is declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory.
(i) ____________ Put a summary of your topic on my desk tomorrow morning ____________
(ii) ____________ In 1955, a riot broke out at an Elvis Presley concert in Jacksonville, Florida ____________
(iii) ____________ Your perfume stinks ____________
(iv) ____________ Go hang up your blouse in the closet ____________
(v) ____________ That’s my favorite song ____________
(vi) ____________ Bill insisted his comments were taken out of context ____________
(vii) ____________ He’s so dishonest ____________
(viii) ____________ Put the coleslaw on the table next to the potatoes ____________
(ix) ____________ Why is the vulture circling around the rabbit ____________
(x) ____________ Who took this aerial shot of the White House ____________