When to use Active Voice:
When the focus is on an agent, the sentence is used in active mode.
This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. There are example sentences to show how the language is used. You can also visit the most accurate and elaborate NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English. Every question of the textbook has been answered here.
Active And Passive Voice Exercises for Class 8 With Answers CBSE Pdf
In active voice, the sentence begins with the performer (Subject) of the action and the object is at the end of the sentence as it is acted upon. This means ‘subject’ is of prime importance or is ‘active’ in the sentence. Hence, the structure is (Subject + Verb + Object).
In passive voice, the sentence begins with the object and the ‘subject’ is at the end. Hence here object’ is given more importance and the subject’ is ‘passive’. e.g.,
- Noorjahan is loved by Saleem.
- The wounded woman were being helped by some girls.
The ‘verb’ should be in accordance with ‘object’ in passive voice.
Change of Tense in Active and Passive Voice
|Tense of Modal + Tense||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|1. Simple Tense
shall/will be beaten
|2. Continuous Tense
|am/is/are beating was/were beating shall/will be beating||am/is/are being beaten was/were being beaten
|3. Perfect Tense
shall/will have beaten
|have/has been beaten
had been beaten
shall/will have been beaten
|4. Perfect Continuous Tense
Can/may/must etc + base
|can/may/must etc beat||Not applicable
can/may/must etc be beaten
Change of Person
|Active voice||Passive Voice|
|Any name||Name remains as it is|
Changing of Active Voice into Passive voice
Simple Present Tense
Active Passive e.g.
- She plucks flowers from the plant. (Active Voice)
Flowers are plucked from the plant by her. (Passive Voice)
- Madhur offers her a flower. (Active Voice) .
She is offered a flower by Madhur. (Passive Voice)
- Do they perform fine arts (Active Voice)
Are fine arts performed by them? (Passive Voice)
Present Continuous Tense
Active + Subject + Present conc + object
Passive + object + is/am/are + being + subject
- Vaibhav is making a loud noise. (Active voice)
A loud noise is being made by Vaibhav. (Passive voice)
- The jury are announcing the results in a few minutes. (Active Voice)
The results are being announced by the jury in a few minutes. (Passive Voice).
- She is not heeding his instructions. (Active Voice)
His instructions are not being heeded by her. (Passive Voice)
Present Perfect Tense
Active S + have/has + V2 + O
Passive O + have/has + been + V2 + by +S
- Arpita has forgotten’ his name. (Active voice)
His name has been forgotten by Arpita. (Passive voice)
- The editor has strongly criticised his opinions. (Active Voice)
His opinions have been strongly criticised by the editor. (Passive Voice).
- Have they won the match? (Active Voice)
Has the match been won by them? (Passive Voice)
Simple Past Tense
Active S + V, + O
Passive O + was/were + V+ by + S
Too many cooks spoiled the broth. (Active Voice)
The broth was spoilt/spoiled by too many cooks. (Passive Voice)
Was my watch seen somewhere by you? (Passive Voice)
Which diary did Manpreet give you? (Active Voice)
Which diary was given you by Manpreet? (Passive Voice)
Past Continuous Tense
Active S + was/were + V, + ing+O
Passive O + was/were + being + V + by + S
- The strife torn Sri Lanka was facing a great trouble at that time. (Active Voice)
A great trouble was being faced at that time by the strife torn Sri Lanka. (Passive Voice)
- She was reading a novel of Kate Thompson. (Active Voice)
A novel of Kate Thompson was being read by her. (Passive Voice)
Change the following sentence into the active voice.
If in above sentences, ‘Please’ is added, they become ‘requests’.
The passive voice of such sentences is begun with You are requested to e.g.
- Please, open the door. (Active Voice)
You are requested to open the door. (Passive Voice)
- Please, help me in my work. (Active Voice)
You are requested to help me in my work. (Passive Voice)
- Please, stand in a queue. (Active Voice)
You are requested to stand in a queue. (Passive Voice)
- Arjit will never forgive Rinnie for her blunder. (Active Voice)
Ronnie will never be forgiven for her blunder by Arijit. (Passive Voice)
- Why will they allow you to enter? (Active Voice)
Why will you be allowed to enter by them? (Passive Voice)
- Help the poor.
- Love children
- Respect your elders
Changing Active into Passive Voice of Imperative Sentences
Imperative sentences are of three types Orders/Commands e.g.
- Open the door
- Follow my instructions.
- Stop the car, at once.
I? Sentences ‘let’ is used to change into passive voice. It is followed by ‘object’ and ‘be + V as follows.
Past perfect Tense
Active S + had + V, + O
Passive + had been + V + by + S
- I had watched the movie earlier. (Active Voice)
The movie had been watched earlier by me. (Passive Voice)
- Sofia had informed the police of the incident. (Active Voice)
The police had been informed of the incident by Sofia. (Passive Voice)
Active And Passive Voice Exercises Solved Examples for Class 8 CBSE
Change the following sentences into passive voice.
(i) The principal has forbidden smoking on the campus.
(ii) The principal has forbidden students to smoke on the campus.
(iii) I advise consulting a good doctor.
(iv) I advise you to consult a good doctor.
(v) They don’t allow parking in front of their gate.
(vi) They don’t allow people to park in front of their gate.
(vii) We advise early booking.
(viii) We advise passengers to book their tickets early.
(ix) They made her repeat the whole story.
(x) We don’t advise pregnant women to go on a diet.
(i) Smoking has been forbidden on the campus.
(ii) Students have been forbidden to smoke on the campus.
(iii) Consulting a good doctor is advised.
(iv) You are advised to consult a good doctor.
(v) Parking in front of their gate is not allowed.
(vi) People are not allowed to park in front of their gate.
(vii) Early booking is advised.
(viii) Passengers are advised to book their tickets early.
(ix) She was made to repeat the whole story
(x) Pregnant women are not advised to go on a diet.
Change the voice.
(i) Ms. Sullivan teaches us grammar.
(ii) The teacher praised him.
(iii) The firemen took the injured to the hospital.
(iv) An earthquake destroyed the town.
(v) The boy’s work pleased the teacher.
(vi) The fire damaged the building.
(vii) Who taught you French?
(viii) The manager will give you a ticket.
(ix) Spectators thronged the streets.
(x) Everyone will blame us.
(xi) The wind blew down the trees.
(xii) The police caught the thieves.
(xiii) Alice posted the letter.
(xiv) The hostess received us.
(XV) They/somebody killed the snake with a stick.
(xvi) The people welcomed the minister.
(xvii) They found him guilty of murder.
(xviii) John Mathews built this house in 1991.
(i) We are taught grammar by Ms Sullivan.
(ii) He was praised by the teacher.
(iii) The injured were taken to the hospital by the fireman.
(iv) The town was destroyed by an earthquake.
(v) The teacher was pleased with the boy’s work.
(vi) The building was damaged by the fire.
(vii) By whom were you taught French?
(viii) You will be given a ticket by the manager.
(ix) The streets were thronged with spectators.
(x) We will be blamed by everyone.
(xi) The trees were blown down by the wind.
(xii) The thieves were caught by the police.
(xiii) The letter was posted by Alice.
(xiv) We were received by the hostess.
(xv) The snake was killed with a stick.
(xvi) The minister was welcomed by the people.
(xvii) He was found guilty of murder. See
(xviii) This house was built by John Mathews in 1991.
Test your knowledge of active and passive voice with this grammar exercise. Each sentence given below is in the active voice. Change it into passive voice.
(i) He sings a song.
(ii) The boy killed the spider.
(iii) Help him.
(iv) Farmers sow maize in the rainy season.
(v) Are you writing a letter?
(i) A song is sung by him. (Active verb – sings; passive verb – is sung)
(ii) The spider was killed by the boy. (Active verb – killed; passive verb – was killed)
(iii) Let him he helped. (imperative sentences in the passive voice begin with let.)
(iv) Maize is sown in the rainy season. (Active verb – sow; passive verb – is/are sown)
(v) Is a letter being written by you? (Active verb – is/are writing; passive verb – is/are being written)
Active And Passive Voice Exercises Practice Examples for Class 8 CBSE
Change into passive voice
(i) Lata sings lovely songs.
(ii) We did not grow rice.
(iii) What do you want?
(iv). They will run a race.
(v) Tom is building a house.
(vi) I was writing a letter.
(vii) Someone has stolen my purse.
(viii) She had finished her work.
(ix) People will admire him.
(x) Did no one help you?
(xi) Will she deliver the message?
(xii) Respect your elders.
Rewrite the passive sentences into Active.
(i) The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
(ii) This book was written by an Irishman.
(iii) The president was elected by the people.
(iv) The bag was packed by his mother.
(v) The child was hit by a car.
(vi) The exercise is completed by the teacher.
(vii) Google was founded by Larry and Sergey.
(viii) Football is played by the children.
(ix) The computer is used by Patrick.
(x) Coffee is sold by Marie.
Rewrite the Active sentences into Passive.
(i) They understand Spanish.
(ii) My friend bought a new car.
(iii) Johnson cleaned the bathroom.
(iv) The teacher closes the window.
(v) The girls can play handball.
(vi) Our dog did not bite the cat.
(vii) The mechanic repairs cars.
(viii) The electricians test the fire alarm.
(ix) Levi Strauss invented the blue jeans.
(x) Frank takes photos.