When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech and reported speech.
When we use direct speech, we use the same words but use quotation marks, For example: Scott said, “I am coming to work. I will be late because there is a lot of traffic now.”
When we use reported speech, we usually change the verbs, specific times, and pronouns. For example: Scott said that he was coming to work. He said that he would be late because there was a lot of traffic at that time.
Reported Speech Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. There are example sentences to show how the language is used.
How do we use reported speech?
|“I know quite a lot of people here.’ Robert said.||Present Simple||Simple Past||He said that he knew quite a lot of people there|
|‘John is feeling much better ‘Paul said.||Present continuous||Past Continuous||He said that John was feeling much better.|
|‘I enjoyed my holiday in the States’ David said.||Simple Past||Past Perfect||He said that he had enjoyed his holiday in the States.|
|‘Jackie wasn’t feeling very well’ The teacher said.||Past Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||He said that Jackie had been feeling very well.|
|‘They’ve seen the Eiffel Tower’ john Said||Present Perfect||Past Perfect||He said that they had seen the Eiffel Tower.|
|‘I have been waiting for ages ‘My father said.||Present Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||He said that he had been waiting for ages.|
|‘Nobody had warned them about the storm’ He said.||Present Perfect||Past Perfect||He said that had warned about the storm.|
|‘She had been reading all ‘Brenda said.||Past Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||She said that she had been reading all day.|
We use a special form when we report questions:
WH – Questions :
Where is + Tom’s house? He asked where Tom’s house + was.
Where does Tom live? He asked where Tom lived,
Does Tom live in Miami? She asked if Tom lived in Miami.
Is Tom happy? She asked if Tom was happy.
Say vs. Tell
June : “I love English.”
June said (that) she loved English.
Tell someone something
June: “I love English.”
June told me (that) she loved English.
Modal Verbs and Reported Speech
Must, might, could, would, should, and ought to stay the same in reported speech. We usually change may to might.
|They said, “we would apply for a visa”
He said “I would start a business.
She said, “I would appear in exam”
|They said that they would apply for visa.
He said that he would start a business.
She said that she would appear in the exam.
|She said, “she could play the piano”
They said, “we couldn’t learn the lesson”
He said, “I could run faster
|She said that she could play a violin.
They said they couldn’t learn the lesson.
He said that he could run faster.
|He said, “guest might come”
She said, “it might rain”
John said, “I might meet him”
|He said that guest might come.
She said that it might rain.
John said that he might meet him.
|He said, “I should avail the opportunity,”
She said, “I should help a him”
They said, “we said take the exam”
|He said that he should avail the opportunity. She said that she should help him.
They said that they should take the exam.
|He said to me, “you ought to wait for him”
She said, “I ought to learn method of study”
They said, we ought to attend our classes”
|He said to me that I ought to wait for him.
She said that she ought to learn method of study.
They said that they ought to attend their classes.
There’s more! What if someone asks you to do something (in a polite way)?
- Direct speech: close the window, please
- Or: Could you close the window please?
- Or: Would you mind closing the window please?
All of these requests mean the same thing, so we don’t need to report every word when we tell another person about it. We simply use ‘ask me + to + infinitive’:
- Reported speech: She asked me to close the window.
- Here are a few more examples:
|Direct Request||Reported Request|
|Please help me.||She asked me to help her.|
And finally, how about if someone doesn’t ask so politely? We can call this an ‘order’ in English, when someone tells you very directly to do something.
- Direct speech: Sit down!
In fact, we make this into reported speech in the same way as a request. We just use ‘tell’ instead of ‘ask’:
- Reported speech: She told me to sit down.
Direct Order Reported Order Go to bed! He told the child to go to bed. Don’t worry! He told her not to worry. Be on time! He told me to be on time. Don’t smoke! He told us not to smoke.
Changes in words showing proximity (time and place)
Study the list given below to revise the changes in words showing proximity of place and time when converting direct speech to indirect speech.
this becomes that
these becomes those
here becomes there
now becomes then
before becomes earlier/previously
today becomes that day
tomorrow becomes the next day
yesterday becomes the previous day
Reported Speech Solved Examples Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
Fill in the blanks
(i) She looks pretty sick. I think she _____________ go to a doctor.
(ii) You’ve been driving all day. You _____________ be exhausted!
(iii) You _____________ smoke so much. It’s bad for your health.
(iv) Hey I’m lost _____________ you help me?
(v) You have such a beautiful voice. You _____________ sing for us!
(vi) I know he speaks five languages, but _____________ he speak Arabic?
(vii) That looks very expensive. It _____________ have cost a fortune!
(viii) I _____________ believe that you failed your test!
(ix) I’m on my way. I _____________ be there in about 10 minutes.
(x) I _____________ afford that.
Complete the sentences.
(i) Jacob: “I work in an office.”
Jacob told me (that) _____________ worked in an office.
(ii) Ryan and Lucas: “We play football.”
Ryan and Lucas told me (that) _____________ played football.
(iii) Victoria: “I like my cat.”
Victoria told me (that) _____________ liked _____________ cat.
(iv) Henry: “Can you see me?”
Henry asked me if _____________ could see
(v) Julian: “I will have to borrow your pencil.”
Julian told me (that) _____________ would have to borrow
(vi) Melanie: “My father is Jamaican.”
Melanie told me (that) _____________ father is Jamaican.
(vii) Emma and Doris: “Can we use your camera?”
Emma and Doris asked me if _____________ could use _____________ camera.
(viii) Leah: “How is your journey?”
Leah’ asked me how _____________ journey was.
(ix) Isabella and Ella: “We love our pets.”
Isabella and Ella told me (that) _____________ loved _____________ pencil.
(x) Grandmother: “Please bring me a cup of my tea.”
Grandmother told me to bring _____________ a cup of _____________ tea.
(iii) she, her
(iv) I, him
(v) he, my
(vii) they, my
(ix) they, their
(x) her, her.
Change the direct speech into reported speech. Choose the past simple of ‘ask’, ‘say’, or ‘tell:
(i) “Don’t do it!”
(ii) “I’m leaving tomorrow”
(iii) “Please get me a cup of tea”
(iv) “She got married last year”
(v) “Be quick!”
(vi) “Could you explain number four, please?”
(vii) “Where do you live?”
(viii) “We went to the cinema and then to a Chinese restaurant”
(ix) “I’ll come and help you at twelve”
(x) “What are you doing tomorrow?”
When I used ‘said’ you can also use ‘told me’)
(i) She told me to do it.
(ii) She said (that) she was learning tomorrow. (the next day).
(iii) She asked me to get her a cup of tea.
(iv) She said (that) she got married last year.
(v) She told me to be quick.
(vi) She asked me to explain number four.
(vii) She asked me where I lived.
(viii) She said (that) they went (had been) to the cinema and then to a Chinese restaurant.
(ix) She said (that) she would come and help me at twelve.
(x) she asked me what I was doing tomorrow (the day after).
Reported Speech Practice Examples Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
Change the direct speech into reported speech. Choose the past simple of ‘ask’, ‘say, or “tell:
(i) “Don’t go!”.
(ii) “Do you work in London?”
(iii) “Could you tell me where the post office is?”
(iv) “Come here!”
(v) “I’ve never been to Wales”
(vi) “Have you ever seen ‘Lord of the Rings?”
(vii) “I don’t like mushroom”
(viii) “Don’t be silly!”
(ix) “Would you mind waiting a moment please?”
(x) “How often do you play sport?”
Use past tenses, present perfect or past perfect tenses to complete the sentences.
We _____________ in Bristol from January to March. (stay)
Where is my wine? Someone _____________ my wine! (drink)
When you _____________ you _____________ fast? (crash, drive)
I’m sorry. Dad isn’t here. He _____________ our neighbour’s flat since the morning. (decorate)
What a nice coat! Where _____________ you _____________ it? (buy)
At 6 o’clock he _____________ there for three hours! (sit)
I want to learn French. But I _____________ yet. (not start)
We didn’t want to spend our holiday in Strobl because _____________ already _____________ there. (be)
What _____________ ? You are so dirty! (do)
Oh, no! I _____________ my way. What shall I do? (lose)
Jim _____________ the dishes after dinner. The kitchen sink is full of plates. (not wash)
She _____________ three clients since the morning. (contact)
I couldn’t help you. I _____________ your problems. (not understand)
Does he know about it? _____________ him yet? (tell)
Bill admitted that he _____________ the catalogue to the agency. (not send)
As soon as I _____________ the message, I _____________ my house (get, leave)
While Maggie _____________ a new Jumper, Jill and I _____________ (knit, read)
Here he is! He _____________ for me all the time, he _____________ for Ann! (not look, wait)
_____________ you in your room at 5.30? Yes, I think I _____________ my suitcase. (be, pack) Nice to
meet you! I _____________ uyou for 10 years. What _____________ you _____________ all this time? (not see, do)
He _____________ but he’ll be back home today. The doctors ____________ to cure him. (die, manage)
After we _____________ to the top of hill we had a great view of the bay. (elimb)
The pigeon finally delivered the news after it _____________ for the whole day. (fly)