NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 10 Law and Social Justice
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 10 Law and ”
Talk to two workers (for example, construction workers, farm workers, factory workers, workers at any shop) to find out if they are receiving the minimum wages \ laid down by law.
- Construction workers : They do not receive the minimum wages.
- Farm workers : They do not receive the minimum wages.
- Factory workers : They receive minimum wages.
- Workers at the shop : They get minimum wages.
What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting-up production in India?
Foreign countries have many advantages of setting up their factories in India like:
- Availability of cheap labour. There is a vast differences in the wages that the workers get in U.S.A. and European countries as compare to what they get in India.
- For lower wages companies get longer hours of work.
- Their additional expenses for housing insurance are also less.
- They are able to use lower safety measures due to weak laws.
- They do not even spend money on clearing the pollution they create.
- Thus are able to cut and save costs on safety measurement; and earn profits.
Do you think the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy got justice? Discuss.
No. As the gas victims are still not rehabilitated:
- They are still suffering from effects of gas leaks.
- Their cases are still pending in numerous courts.
What do we mean when we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement? Why is enforcement so important?
- When we speak of law enforcement, we mean that the provisions of the law must be applicable to all and sundry without discrimination.
- Government is responsible for law enforcement.
- Rights of workers and citizens to be protected.
- With more industries being set up by both Indians and foreign businesses, there is a greater need for stronger laws.
- It is all the more important to safeguard our environment.
How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer.
Law can ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair by ensuring the enforcement of the law in letter and spirit.
- Law against hoarding and black marketing must be enforced in such a way that stringent punishment be given to the violators of the law and the hoarded goods must be forfeited.
- Anti Child Labour Act must be enforced, not a single child must be allowed to work in shops, tea stalls and restaurants.
Imagine yourself to be a worker working in a chemical factory, which has received orders from the government to move to a different site 100 kms away from the present location. Write about how your life would change? Read out your responses in the classroom.
My life would change drastically.
- There will not be any pollution.
- Wages would increase. .
- Housing facilities may be provided.
- Some problems would come initially regarding transport, housing, etc.
- Employer would pay more attention to the workers.
Write a paragraph on the various roles of the government that you have read about in this unit.
Various Roles of the Government:
- Enactment of Minimum Wages Act.
- Law protecting the interests of the producers and consumers in the market.
- Law relating to adequate safety measures at workplace.
- Quality standards to be fixed.
- Law against hoarding and black marketing of essential commodities.
- Law against sexual harassment of women at workplace.
- Law against child labour at workplace.
- Law to form workers/labour unions.
What are the sources of environmental pollution in your area? Discuss with respect to
(a) air; (b) water and (c) soil. What are the steps being taken to reduce the pollution? Can you suggest some other measures?
Causes of Pollution in our Area:
(a) Air pollution: Vehicles, thermal power station.
(b) Water pollution: Dry latrines, sever age water, water drawing industries, tanneries.
(c) Soil: Industrial effluents and ash of the thermal power station.
Steps being taken to reduce the pollution:
- Appropriate measures need to be taken by countries/regions of the world to stop misuse or overuse of resources.
- Corrective steps to improve the quality of degraded resources must be taken for treatment of Sewage.
- Banning the use of certain dangerous pesticides like D.D.T.
- Safe disposal of wastes and garbage.
- Check harmful emission from automobiles, industries.
- Using 3Rs.
- Limiting use of non-renewable resources.
How was environment treated earlier? What has been the change in perception?Discuss.
- Environment was treated as “free” entity and all were allowed to degrade or pollute it.
- No attention was paid by the governments as it was believed “nature cleans itself’.
- But, now the perception has changed and countries are introducing new legislations to protect environment.
What do you think the famous cartoonist R.K. Laxman is trying to convey in this cartoon?
- R.K. Laxman is trying to show that we ourselves are responsible for increasing child labour.
- We are not sensitive towards the needs and aspirations of other children.
- It relates to the law of prohibiting children below 14 years to be employed as domestic servants.
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