NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?
There are few cases of private water supply in the world, because:
- Private company deals for profit in the market.
- In water facility, there is no profit or very less profit.
- Private companies do not take interest in undertaking no profit or low profit work.
Do you think water in Chennai is available and affordable by all? Discuss.
Water in Chennai is not available and affordable by all.
- Water supply is marked by shortages especially. Municipality is able to meet only about half of the total need.
- Some areas have regular supply, some close to storage points gets more water than others.
- Burden of shortfall falls mainly on the poor. The middle class is able to cope through private means like water tankers or bottled water. Wealthy have more choices.
- Even in the case of access to ‘safe’ water—the wealthy and middle class has options, like mineral water and poor again left out.
How is the sale of water by farmer to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of ground water? Can the government do anything in this regard?
Sale of water by farmer to the water dealers in Chennai affects the local people as this water is for irrigation as well for drinking for them. So the agricultural crops as well as people suffer. More over ground water levels have dropped drastically.
- Local people can and should object to such exploitation of ground water.
- Government on their part should restrict the use of ground water by the individual farmers according to their need and make strict laws against over use.
Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?
Because of the following reasons:
- In major cities life is fast. People could not wait for hours together standing in long queues as they have to do in government hospitals.
- They can afford as they have money to spend.
- City people are more ambitious.
- They expect better facilities in private hospitals and private schools.
- In private schools infrastructural facilities are more.
Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.
1. Distribution of public facilities such as right’ to water, health, education, etc. in our country is not adequate and fair.
2. Major role of government is to ensure adequate public facility for everyone.
3. But progress in this regard is far from satisfactory.
4. There is inequality and irregularity in distribution of water supply.
- Compared to the metropolitan and big cities, towns and villages are provided low water supply.
- In comparison to wealthy localities, the poorer localities are under serviced.
- People living in slum suffer a lot. They are provided with very low water supply.
- The posh colonies of Delhi like Anand Niketan have all modern facilities and these facilities are sophisticated.
- Public facilities are lacking in unauthorised colonies.
Take some of the public facilities in your area, such as water, electricity, etc. Is there scope to improve these? What in your opinion should he done? Complete the table.
|Is it available?||How can it be improved?|
|Is it available?||How can it be improved?|
|Water||No, only one hour supply||
• By extending the hours of supply.
• Quality of water should be checked regularly.
|Electricity||No, 8 hours daily cut||
• A strict action should be taken to prevent wastage of electricity such as—street lights are on at daytime.
– Public appeal to prevent wastage.
• By making the roads with proper and good quality material.
• By regular repair and maintenance.
• By making footpath on both sides of road to prevent breakage on side.
|Public Transport||No, less buses||
• By running more buses on busy routes.
•By deputing trained drivers.
• By arranging the service at proper interval.
Are the above public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate. Answer:
- No, the above public facilities are not shared equally by all the people in our area. People, livings in slum area, are getting very less facilities.
- Municipal supply meets only about half of the needs.
- For remaining half people take the help of private means.
- Public facilities like healthcare facilities are now being charged. The poor fail to get these facilities.
- Due to rush most of the people do not avail governmental public facilities like healthcare, etc.
Data on some of the public facilities are collected as part of the Census. Discuss with your teacher when and how the Census is conducted.
Conduction of Census
- House listing one year before the actual Census.
- Census every 10 years.
- Target date: 1 March.
- Enumerators visiting each and every household.
- Collects information in a prescribed form.
- Compile them and handover the same to the cluster in-charge.
- He compiles them and sends them to District officer.
- After the collection Census Deptt. publishes the data.
Private educational institutions—schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less important. What do you think would be the impact of this? Discuss.
- Government would withdraw from these activities or parents will send their children to private schools.
- Private agencies will be given boost.
- Money would play an important role.
- Children from the deprived sections of the society would be at loss.
- Less qualified teachers would work in the private institutions.
- Malpractices will be encouraged.
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