NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution
Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
A democratic country needs constitution because
- In democracy people choose their representatives and the leaders might misuse their powers. Constitution provide safeguards against this.
- In a democracy, constitution ensures that the dominant group does not use power against less powerful groups.
- Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens for their social, economic and political welfare.
Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Interim Constitution of Nepal.
|1990 Constitution of Nepal Pari 7: Executive||2007 Interim Constitution Part 5: Executive|
Article 35: Executive Power:
The executive power of the kingdom of Nepal shall be exercised exclusively by His Majesty.
Article 37: Executive Power:
The executive power of Nepal shall be vested in the Council of Ministers.
What is the difference in which exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?
Following are the differences in the exercises of ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal:
Difference in the “Executive Power”
|1990 Constitution of Nepal||2007 Interim Constitution|
|1. Nepal was Monarchy.
2. All the executive power of the kingdom of Nepal was exercised exclusively by His Majesty.
3. According to it, final authority rested with the king.
|1. Nepal is going to be democratic.
2. The executive power of Nepal is according to constitution and other laws; and is exercised by the Council of Ministers.
3. According to it, all powers would be resting in the hands of the people through Council of Ministers.
Because the new constitution would guarantee them democracy for the times to come.
What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?
If there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives then:
- These leaders (representatives) might misuse their authority.
- This misuse of authority can result in gross injustice and mismanagement.
In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations:
(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
(b) In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists.
(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.
1. 10 female teachers are in minority.
2. It is important to respect the views of female teachers so that male teachers do not use their power against them.
1. 5 per cent Buddhists are in minority.
2. It is important to respect the views of Buddhists so that they will not be dominated by the community in majority.
1. 20 per cent non-vegetarian employees are in minority.
2. Their views should be respected as eating non-vegetarian food is their personal choice.
1. 10 students belong to poor families and are in minority.
2. Scholarships, special classes and other welfare schemes like book bank, free supply of books, stationary and free uniform are to be planned keeping in view their requirements.
The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other column write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is important:
|Federalism||Both center and states have their respective powers and they cooperate with each other keeping in view the unity and integrity of the nation.|
|Separation of Powers||Separate powers are given to legislatives, executives and the judiciary. It also acts as checks and balances.|
|Fundamental Rights||Are given to all the citizens without any discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion and sex for their development. These rights protect citizens against the absolute exercise of power by the state.|
|Parliamentary Form of Government||Parliament has two wings Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. A bill becomes act after passing by both of them and consented by the President of India. Every citizen can contest in elections to be member of Lok Sabha.|
We hope the We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution, help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.