NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation
Write in your own words two or more sentences of what you understand by the word ‘marginalization’?
Marginalisation means the communities which are put at margins of economic and cultural development. These communities are devoid of any changes or advancement which other people enjoy in modem times.
List two reasons why Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalised?
Adivasis have been marginalised because:
- They live on the margins of social, economic development.
- They are poor, ‘low’ in social status.
- They are less educated.
- Most of them live in remote areas, and do not have access to towns/cities.
Write one reason why you think the Constitution’s safeguards to protect minority communities are very important?
Constitutional safeguards are important because these communities are backward and are lacking at educational, social and economic level. To give them the equal status in society these safeguards are required.
For progress of a nation, it is necessary that all parts of the society should progress.
Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalisation. What do you understand by the term minority ?
Minority is the term which means the communities which are small in number in comparison to the communities which are more in numbers.
Example: Muslims are in minority as compared to Hindus.
You are participating in a debate where you have to provide reasons to support the . following statement: Muslims are a marginalised community.’ Using the data provided in this chapter, list two reasons that you would give.
The literacy rate of the Muslim population in India is the lowest. It is only 59%.
43.2% of Hindus have access to electricity while only 30% of Muslims have access to electricity.The above statistics support the statement that Muslims are a marginalised community in India.
- Muslims are less educated. They have very less share in government jobs.
Imagine that you are watching the Republic Day parade on TV with a friend and she remarks, “Look at these tribals. They look so exotic. And they seem to be , dancing all the time.” List three things that you would tell her about the lives of Adivasis in India.
Adivasi community is generally shown in a particular stereotype way:
- They are portrayed in colourful costumes, headgear, sometimes made of leaves or skin of animals.
- They are shown dancing with spears or hunting animals. This make people believe that they are exotic, primitive and backward.
- Often they themselves are blamed for their lack of advancement as they are believed to be resistant to change.
- On other side, Dance is a common act of most of tribals on occasion of:
- Their festivals
- Generally at the time of cutting crops
- This is also their way of enjoying life.
For poor people, this is an enjoyment at no or a little cost.
In the storyboard you read about how Helen hopes to make a movie on the Adivasi story. Can you help her by developing a short story on Adivasis?
Adivasis are primitive community living in and/or near forests:
- Around 8% of India’s population is of Adivasis. Most important mining and industrial centers like Bokaro, Rourkela, Jameshdpur are located in their area.
- They are not homogeneous population: There are about 500 different Adivasi groups in India.
- They are in large numbers in the states like Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, North Eastern States.
- Odisha is home for at least 60 different tribal groups.
- Other states where Adivasis lives in sufficient numbers are:
- Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
- They do not have a hierarchical social structure like other communities.
- They are radically different from other Indian society in which caste system is there.
Would you agree with the statement that economic and social marginalisation are interlinked? Why?
Yes, economic and social marginalization is interlinked.
- Dalits and tribals were considered lower class of society.
- They are living in separate areas of villages. Tribals are living in remote areas.
- They were not getting proper education, so not good jobs.
- When they do not get opportunities they remain economically weak and do not get education and this circle continues.
We hope the We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation, help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.