Struggles for Equality Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 9 Struggles for Equality.
Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Extra Questions and Answers Struggles for Equality
Struggles for Equality Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 9 Very Short Answers Type
What is the provision in our Constitution for equality?
The Indian constitution recognizes all Indians as equal before the law and states. No person can be discriminated on any ground.
What do you understand about equal right to vote?
All adults in India have the equal right to vote during elections and this power has been used by people to elect or replace their representatives. The vote of one person is as good as that of another.
What are the key reasons for inequality?
Poverty, lack of resources and discrimination are the key reasons that many people’s lives in India are highly unequal.
Why do Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim girls drop out from school in large number?
Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim girls drop out of school in large numbers. This is a combined outcome of poverty, social discrimination and the lack of their artists’ good quality school facilities for these communities.
Who fights against inequality?
In each community and in society there are some respectable people who fight of equality. They may be well-respected because they treat all persons with dignity and are, therefore, trusted and play an important role to resolve issues in the community.
What do you understand about creative expression?
When the voice of inequality, discrimination etc., are raised through creative means such as pen, or artists’ voice, or thejr ability to dance it is called ‘creative expression’.
Which communities face discrimination in India?
Minorities, women, dalits and adivasis face discrimination.
Where is Tehri dam situated?
It is situated in Uttarakhand.
When was Tawa Dam built?
It was built between 1958 and 1978.
How many villages were affected from Tehri dam?
About 100 villages.
How do poor face inequality?
Poverty and lack of resources continue to be the key reason for so many people’s lives to be unequal.
Struggles for Equality Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 9 Short Answers Type
How do the people form cooperatives?
In India, there are several struggles in which people have come together to fight for issues that they believe are important. There are many such struggles such as those among beedi workers, fisher-folk, agricultural labourers, slum dwellers and each group is struggling for justice in its own way. Many times they form cooperatives or other collective ways by which people can have more control over resources.
How are the people forced to displace?
In the villages adjoining the forest areas, when sanctuaries for animals are constructed many poor:
people are displaced and people are forced to go and build new homes and new lives. In urban areas, bastis in which poor people live are often displaced to the areas located outside of the city. Displaced poor people are severely disrupted.
Where is dam built? How does a dam affect the dwellers?
A dam is built across a river at sites where one can collect a lot of water. Dam submerges vast areas of land and life of many persons is badly affected. They have to leave their living places. As an example- the Tehri dam, Uttarakhand submerged old Tehri town and 100 villages. Nearly one lakh people were displaced from the construction of Tehri dam.
What are the issues that affect the poor’s and marginalized communities?
The issues affecting poor’s and marginalized communities are:
- the privatization of health and other services in the country;
- the increasing control of business houses on the media;
- the low value given to women and their work;
- the low earning made by small farmers etc.
Struggles for Equality Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 9 Long Answers Type
Write a short note on Tawa Matsya Sangh.
There are several organizations across the country fighting for the rights of the displaced. Tawa Matsya Sangh-a federation of Fisherworker’s cooperative-an organization fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of the Satpura forest in Madhya Pradesh. The Tawa, originating in the Mahadeo hills of Chindwara district, flows through Betul, before joining the Narmada in Hoshangabad.
The Tawa dam began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978. It submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land. People of 33 villages were displaced. Some of the displaced people settled around the reservoir and apart from their meagre farms found a livelihood in fishing.
Describe important works done by Tawa Matsya Sangh.
In 1994, the government gave the rights for fishing in the Tawa reservoir to private contractors. These contractors got cheap labour from outside. The villagers stood united and decided to set up an organization to protect their livelihood rights. Thus, they formed Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS). And after long struggles they were granted right to fishing for their livelihood by the Madhya Pradesh government in 1996.
For the upliftment of the needs of fishermen, Tawa Matsya Sangh played a great role to make them able to increase their earning substantially. The Sangh arranges for fair price, transport, selling in a market where they get a good price, loans to fishermen for repair and the buying of new nets etc. Thus, the fishermen have started to earn three times more than they earned earlier.
How do writers, singers, dancers and artists fight against inequality?
There are two ways to fight against inequality. The first way is to participate in protest movements and the others might use their pen, or their voice, or their ability to dance to draw attention to issues of inequality.
Writers, singers, dancers and artists have also been very active in the fight against inequality. The second ways is called ‘creative expression’. By writing, the issue can be published in the newspapers and periodicals and may draw attention of the authorities as well as masses.