A Shirt in the Market Class 7 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market.
Class 7 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers A Shirt in the Market
A Shirt in the Market Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Very Short Answers Type
Who was Swapna?
Swapna was a small farmer in Kumool, Andhra Pradesh who grows cotton on her small piece of land. She supplied cotton to the trader.
Why did Swapna take loan from the local trader?
Swapna took loan from the local trader for seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
How much time is consumed in growing cotton?
It takes four months to grow the cotton.
What inputs are required in cultivation of cotton?
Cultivation of cotton requires high levels of inputs as fertilizers and pesticides and the farmers have to incur heavy expenses on account of these.
Why do traders pay cotton growers a low price?
Cotton growers take loans from traders for growing the cotton. They have to sell the finished material to such traders. Therefore, traders pay cotton growers a low price.
Describe about Erode’s bi-weekly cloth market.
Erode’s bi-weekly cloth market in Tamil Nadu is one of the largest cloth markets in the world. A large variety of cloth is sold in this market. Clothes are made by weavers in the villages around and also brought here for sale.
In what respects is the cotton trader a powerful man in the village?
Traders supply loan to peasants and take all the cotton for further sale.
What does a merchant do with the prepared cloth?
At the cloth market, the merchants sell the cloth to the garment factories. In this way, the market works more in favour of the merchants.
What are the items produced in the looms?
A variety of sarees, towels, shirts, ladies dress material and bed-sheets are produced in these looms.
What is a ginning mill?
It is a factory where seeds are removed from cotton bolls. The cotton is pressed into bales to be sent for spinning into thread.
Who is an exporter?
A person who sells goods abroad is an exporter.
A Shirt in the Market Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Short Answers Type
How do the merchants prepare clothes?
Weavers bring cloth that has been made on order from the merchant. These merchants supply cloth on order to garment manufacturers and exporters around country. They purchase the yam and give instructions to the weavers about the kind of cloth that is to be made. Weavers get the yam from the merchants and supply them the cloth.
What are the advantages to the weavers when they work with merchants?
This arrangement has two advantages. The weavers do not have to spend their money on purchase of yam. Secondly, the weavers know from the outset what cloth they should make and how much of it is to be woven.
How are the weavers in the grip of the local trader?
Weavers are required to invest a lot of money to buy looms. The weavers invest their savings or borrow money at high-interest rates. One loom cost is around 20,000/- and they require atleast two looms. These looms cannot be operated alone and hence their family members work together. They earn about 3,500/¬per month. Thus the weavers are always in the grip of the local trader.
What do you understand about putting-out system?
In the putting-out system the merchant supplies the raw material and receives the finished product. It is prevalent in the weaving industry in most regions of India. Weavers are paid very little by the merchant under the putting-out system.
Describe in brief the status of workers working in factory?
In the garment factory many workers work. Most of these workers are employed on a temporary basis. Whenever, the employer feels that a worker is not needed, the worker can be asked to leave. Workers’ wages are fixed according to their skills. In most of the cases women are employed as helpers for thread cutting, buttoning, ironing and packaging. These jobs have the lowest wages.
A Shirt in the Market Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Long Answers Type
Describe the role of weaver’s cooperatives to reduce the dependence on the merchant.
Weaver’s cooperatives are one way to reduce the dependence on the merchant and to earn a higher income for the weavers. In a cooperative, people with common interests come together and work for their mutual benefit.
In a weaver’s cooperative, the weavers form a group and take up certain activities collectively. They produce yarn from the yam dealer and distribute it among the weavers. The cooperative also does the marketing. So, the role of the merchant is reduced, and weavers get a fair price on the cloth.