NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 People as Resource
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 People as Resource.
What do you understand by ‘people as a resource’?
People as a resource is a way of referring to a country’s working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities.
How is human resource different from other resources like land and physical capital?
Human resource is different in the following ways:
- Land and other resources are fixed, limited and specified whereas human resources can be nurtured through education and health.
- Human resources can bring a change in other resources whereas other resources can not change or affect human resource.
- Human resource can make use of land and physical capital whereas land and physical capital can not become useful on its own.
What is the role of education in human capital formation?
The role of education in human capital formation is as follows:
- Educated people earn more than the uneducated people.
- Literate population is an asset to an economy.
- It leads to higher productivity.
- It opens new avenues for a person.
- It provides new aspirations and develops values of life.
- It contributes to the growth of society.
- It enhances the national income, cultural richness and the efficiency of the governance.
What is the role of health in human capital formation?
The role of health in human capital formation is as follows:
- Healthier people have higher productivity because the health of a person helps him to realise his potential and the ability to fight illness. On the other hand, an unhealthy person becomes a liability for an organisation.
- It improves the quality of life. A healthy person is able to do his work in a proper and efficient way.
- A healthy person makes greater contribution to society as compared to an unhealthy person.
- Good health enables a person to earn more and to be more regular in his work.
What part does health play in the individual’s working life? –
Health plays a very important role in an individual’s life because as we all know health is wealth and only a healthy person can work or perform to his full potential. An unhealthy person can not work efficiently. A healthy person is able to work harder and better, thus, earning more and living a better life. If the body is healthy, only then one can perform well. So, we can say that health plays a vital role in an individual’s life.
What are the various activities undertaken in the primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector?
The various activities undertaken in these sectors are:
- Primary sector. Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry farming and mining.
- Secondary sector. Manufacturing and construction.
- Tertiary sector. Trade, transport, communication, banking, education, health, tourism services insurance etc.
What is the difference between economic activities and non-economic activities?
|It refers to a human activity related to production and consumption of goods and services for economic gain.||It is an activity performed gladly, with the aim of providing services to others without any regard to monetary gain.|
|These activities add value to the national income.||These activities do not add any value to the national income, as these are only for selfconsumption.|
|These are measured in monetary terms.||These are not measured in monetary terms.|
Why are women employed in low paid work?
Education and skill are the two determinants of the earning of any individual in the market. The women work in places where there is no job security. The various activities relating to legal protection are meagre. The majority of women has less education and low skill formation. All these factors lead to their irregular and low income. So, they are paid less as compared to men.
How will you explain the term unemployment?
The term unemployment means a situation where a section of the people, who are able and willing to work, do not find any gainful work to do.
What is the difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment?
Disguised Unemployment. In case of disguised unemployment, people appear to be employed but they are not actually employed. Sometimes, in agricultural families, eight people are working on a farm, whereas only four people are needed to do that work. Thus, four persons are surplus and they are not needed on the farm. They also do not help to increase the production. If these four extra persons are removed from the farm, the production from the farm will not decrease. Therefore, these four persons appear to be employed but are actually disguisedly unemployed.
Seasonal Unemployment. Seasonal unemployment happens when people are not able to find jobs during some months of the year. People dependent upon agriculture usually face such problems. There are certain busy seasons when sowing, harvesting, weeding and threshing are done. When the plants are growing, there is not much work. During this period, they remain unemployed and are said to be seasonally unemployed.
Why is educated unemployed a peculiar problem in India?
Educated unemployed is a peculiar problem of India because they are not able to find jobs for themselves. This is a situation where unemployment of graduates and post-graduates has increased faster than among the matriculates. A paradoxical situation is witnessed as there is surplus manpower in certain categories with shortage of manpower in others. There is unemployment among technically qualified persons on one hand, while there are categories of technical skills required for economic growth. Thus, it is a peculiar problem in India.
In which field, do you think, India can build the maximum employment opportunities?
There is no further scope in the primary sector because there is already disguised unemployment. In the secondary sector, small scale manufacturing is the most labour absorbing sector. In case of tertiary sector, various new services like biotechnology and information technology are coming up and there is scope for further employment opportunities.
Can you suggest some measures in the education system to mitigate the problem of the educated unemployed?
Some of the measures in the education system to mitigate the problem of the educated unemployed are:
- Vocational education should be encouraged so that people do not have difficulty in getting jobs because they will be better trained for work.
- More use of information technology should be made in giving education.
- Education should be job-oriented.
- More employment opportunities should be made available to the educated people in the tertiary sector.
Can you imagine some village which initially had no job opportunities but later came up with many?
Rampur was the village which initially depended on agriculture and on rainfall. Then, when electricity was provided, the people started using electricity to irrigate their fields and grow 2 to 3 crops in a year to get more work.
Some started small scale industries based on the use of electricity and provide employment to people. A school was established so that the people became educated and started getting employment in and outside the village. The village became prosperous and soon had better health, education, transport and job facilities.
Which capital would you consider the best—land, labour, physical capital and human capital? Why?
Human capital is the best capital because it can make use of the land, labour and physical capital. The other factors cannot become useful on their own. The knowledge expertise in a human enables him to develop land, labour and physical capital to produce an output for his own use or to sell in the market.
Hope given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 are helpful to complete your homework.
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