NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons.
|Subject||Social Science History|
|Chapter Name||Towns, Traders and Craftpersons|
|Number of Questions Solved||20|
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES
You are planning a journey from Surat to West Asia in the seventeenth century. What are the arrangements you will make?
- We shall take textile goods with us.
- We shall sail through Arabian sea.
- We shall visit Persian gulf countries, Saudi Arabia etc.
Fill in the blanks:
- The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in …………
- Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint …………..
- Hampi was the capital of the …………….. Empire.
- The Dutch established a settlement at in ………….. Andhra Pradesh.
- Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu)
- Muinuddin Chishti
State whether true or false:
- We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara temple from an inscription. ,
- Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans.
- Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants.
- Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal.
How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?
Water supply for the city of Thanjavur came from wells and tanks.
Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?
Artisans and craftspersons like weavers lived in “Black Towns” in the cities like Madras (during the British rule).
Why do you think towns grew around temples?
The following factors are responsible for the growth of towns around temples :
- A large number of priests, workers, artisans, traders, etc. settled near the temple.
- They catered to the various needs of the people as well as of pilgrims who flocked to the temples. By and by towns grew, which came to be known as temple towns.
How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?
Craftspersons played an important role in the building and maintenance of temples :
- The Vishwakarma community consisting of goldsmith, bronzesmiths, blacksmiths, masons, and carpenters were essential to the building of temples.
- Weavers such as the Saliyar or Kaikkolars were prosperous communities and they made ample donations to temples.
- The craftspersons of Bidar were skilled in their inlay work in copper and silver. They were also important for the building and maintenance of temples in their own way.
Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?
- People from distant places visited Surat as it was the Gateway to West Asia.
- They came here to purchase cotton textiles and textiles with their gold lace border.
In what ways was craft production in cities like Kolkata different from that in cities like Thanjavur?
The craft production in Thanjavur was in form of inlay work in copper and silver-white in Calcutta it was in the Form of cotton textiles, jute textiles, and silk textiles.
Compare any one of the cities described in this chapter with a town or a village with which you are familiar. Do you notice any similarities or differences?
Comparison between Surat and Delhi
What were the problems encountered by merchants? Do you think some of these problems persist today?
Problems encountered by merchants
- Merchants had to pass many kingdoms and forests.
- Travelled in caravans.
- They had to carry goods on the back of camels, donkeys and horses.
- Their goods were looted frequently.
- Competition with European traders.
- Harsh climate and routes killed several merchants on the way or in the middle of their journey.
- Most of these problems are not there today. The mode of transport has improved along with security.
Find out more about the architecture of either Thanjavur or Hampi, and prepare a scrapbook illustrating temples and other buildings from these cities.
Do this yourself with the help of your history teacher.
Find out about any present-day pilgrimage center. Why do you think people go there? What do they do there? Are there any shops in the area? If so, what is bought and sold there?
Present-day pilgrimage Centre: Haridwar.
- People go to Haridwar to take bath in the holy Ganga.
- They take bath in the Ganga river and worship it.
- Yes, several shops are there.
- Offerings are sold at these shops.
- Prasad is the main article that people buy there.
INTEXT QUESTIONS WITH THEIR ANSWERS
Why do you think people regarded Thanjavur as a great town? (NCERT Page 76)
Thanjavur was an example of temple town and was regarded as a great town:
- It represented a pattern of urbanization and was central to Chola economy.
- It was the capital city on the delta of Kaveri with the most important temple Rajarajeshvara. It had tanks and wells for water supply and army barracks.
- It had the mandapas or pavilions for royal court.
- It had huge markets selling grains, spices, clothes and jewellery.
- Many communities like the Sthapatis or sculpture makers, Saliya weavers related to temple activities lived here.
- It was a great pilgrim town of the period.
What do you think were the advantages of using ‘lost wax’ technique? (NCERT Page 77)
- Through this technique the images of the lord were made exactly the same as it was carved out by the sculptor.
- There was no need for the sculptor to make mental images.
Make a list of towns in your district and try to classify these as ’ administrative centres or as temple/pilgrim centres. (NCERT Page 78)
Our district is Muzaffarnagar
- Administrative centres
- Temple centres
- Pilgrim centre
- Find out about your town in similar way.
Find out more about present-day taxes on markets; who collects these, how are they collected and what are they used for? (NCERT Page 79)
- These days we pay many taxes on; property, houses, water, electricity, entertainment, road, import-export, license fee, VAT, etc.
- These are collected by the agencies of the local and central government.
- These are used for various public facilities provided by the governments and also for welfare work. These taxes help in the infrastructure development of the nation.
As you can see, during this period there was a great circulation of people and goods. What impact do you think this would have had on the lives of people in towns and villages? Make a list of artisans living in towns. (NCERT Page 80)
- The lives of the people in the towns were not settled. People moved from one place to another for business and trade.
- Brass dealer
- Copperware milkers
Why do you think the city was fortified? (NCERT Page 83)
The city was fortified to escape the threat of the invaders.
Why did the English and the Dutch decide to establish settlements in Masulipatnam? (NCERT Page 85)
Because of port facilities and other facilities increased by that time.
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