NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years.
|Subject||Social Science History|
|Chapter Name||Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years|
|Number of Questions Solved||22|
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES
You are a historian. Choose one of the themes mentioned in this chapter, such as economic, social or political history, and discuss why you think it would be interesting to find out the history of that theme.
I would choose social and political history. It would be interesting to find out the history of social and political changes because:
- This period saw emergence of new foods and beverages.
- New technologies appeared.
- It was period of mobility when people travelled long distances.
- Extension of agriculture brought social changes.
- Important changes occurred in religion.
- Politically different groups became important.
Who was considered a ‘foreigner’ in the past?
In the past, a person who was stranger or who was not a part of the society or culture was considered to be a ‘foreigner’.
- In Hindi a foreigner is termed as pardesi.
- In Persian a foreigner is called ajnabi.
State whether true or false:
(а) We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700.
(b) The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period.
(c) Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements.
(d) Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir.
Fill in the blanks:
(a) Archives are places where ……………. are kept.
(b) …………… was a fourteenth-century chronicler.
(c) ……….., ………., …………, and……………….. were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.
(b) Ziyauddin Barani
(c) Potatoes, corn, chillies, tea and coffee.
List some of the technological changes associated with this period.
Some notable technological changes associated with this period were:
(i) The use of Persian wheel in irrigation;
(ii) The use of spinning wheel in weaving;
(iii) The use of firearms in combat.
What were some of the major religious developments during this period?
Some of the major religious developments during this period:
- Changes in Hinduism.
- Rise of Bhakti movement.
- Rise of Sufi movement.
- Rise of Sikhism
- The arrival of the Muslim religion:
- Shia Muslims.
- Sunni Muslims.
- Two schools of law for Muslims.
In what ways has the meaning of the term ‘Hindustan’ changed over the centuries?
It has been observed that language and its interpretation change with the change of time. The term ‘Hindustan’ was used for the first time by Minhaj-i Siraj, a thirteenth-century Persian chronicler. He, with this term, meant the areas of Punjab, Haryana, and the lands between the Ganga and Yamuna. It was used in a political sense for lands constituting a part of the dominions of the Delhi Sultan. Though the term shifted with the extent of the Sultanate it never included south India.
Later in the sixteenth century, Babur, while using this term, meant the geography, the fauna, and the culture of the inhabitants of the subcontinent. A fourteenth-century poet Amir Khusrau also used the term ‘Hind’ almost in the same sense. The remarkable point is that while the idea of a geographical and cultural entity like ‘India’ did exist, the term ‘Hindustan’ did not carry the political and national meanings that we associate with it today.
How were the affairs of jatis regulated?
Jatis were the sub-castes which were grouped on the basis of economic and social status. They were ranked as per their backgrounds, and their occupations. Ranks were not fixed permanently. They varied as per the power, influence and resources controlled by members of the jatis.
Hence the status of the same jail could vary from area to area Jatis had their own system of ruling. They framed their own rules and regulations for managing the conduct of their members. An assembly of elders was responsible for enforcing these regulations. This assembly of elders was called jati panchayat. But jatis were also required to abide by the rules of their villages.
What does the term pan-regional empire mean?
The Pan-regional empire means the empire crossing its region and spreading over several other regions.
What are the difficulties historians face in using manuscripts?
Manuscripts in the early days were handwritten. Writers used palm leaves as paper for writing manuscripts. The historians used to copy down those manuscripts. Different historians presented their version in their own way as many of the words or sentences were beyond their understanding. So they copied what they understood. Later it was difficult to recognize which one was the original manuscript. Historians interpreted the facts as per the manuscripts which they got. Hence we find a number of facts with different illustrations in history.
How do historians divide the past into periods? Do they face any problem in doing so?
Time is not just the passing of hours, days or years for historians. Instead, it is the reflection of social, economic, cultural, and religious changes that occur through the ages. Division of the past into large segments—periods—make it easy to study time for historians. British historians, in the middle of the nineteenth century, divided time into three periods—Hindu, Muslim and British. This division was made on the basis of the fact that no significant change other than the religion of the rulers could occur during these periods.
But as a matter of fact, this division ignored the rich diversity of the subcontinent. Few historians take this periodization even today while most of them take the economic and social factors into account in order to characterize the major elements of different moments of the past. The history of the past thousand years has seen considerable changes. As a result, the sixteenth century was not the same as the eighteenth century or the eighth or eleventh centuries. Hence it is very difficult for historians to describe the entire period as one historical unit.
Compare either Map 1 or Map 2 (See NCERT pages 1 and 2) with the present-day map of the subcontinent, listing as many similarities and differences as you can find.
Find out where records are kept in your village or city. Who writes these records? Is there an archive? Who manages it? What kinds of documents are stored there? Who are the people who use it?
In our village, records are kept in the Panchayat office. Gram Sevak who is a government employee writes these records. There is no archive in our village. Sarpanch manages it. The documents stored there include the record of the land of the village, data of births and deaths, the number of public properties, data of health centres, etc. Villagers use these records. The certificates are issued to the villagers on the basis of these records.
INTEXT QUESTIONS WITH THEIR ANSWERS
Look at the areas on Map 2 (of your textbook). Are they as detailed as those on the coast? Follow the course of the River Ganga and see how it is shown. Why do you think there is a difference in the level of detail and accuracy between the coastal and inland areas in this map? (NCERT Page 2)
- Details shown in the inland are not so detailed as on the coast.
- Course of river Ganga is not correctly shown.
- Because there were voyages along the coasts and the travellers studied coastal areas themselves.
- On the other hand they did not go inland. Hence the details of inland depend upon their estimations not on their studies.
Can you think of any other words whose meanings change in different contexts? (NCERT Page 3)
Yes. Word—Ruler (King), Ruler (Lawmakers).
When was paper more expensive and easily available—in the thirteenth or the fourteenth century? (NCERT Page 4)
- Paper was expensive during the thirteenth century.
- Paper was easily available during the fourteenth century.
Of the technological, economic, social, and cultural changes described in this section, which do you think were most significant in the town or village in which you live? (NCERT Page 8)
• In Towns
Technological and economic changes.
• In Villages
Economic and social changes.
Why do you think rulers made such claims about conquests? (NCERT Page 10)
Rulers made such claims because they wanted to show others that they had control over large areas.
- They were the real rulers of the country.
- No other ruler could fight them.
- They were supreme.
Prepare a list of the names of languages spoken today in the regions he (Amir Khusrau) mentioned: names that are similar and those that are different. (NCERT Page 10)
Region Language is spoken today Similar or Different
Sindh (now in Pakistan) Sindhi Same
Lahore/ Panjab Panjabi/Lahori Same
Kashmir Kashmiri Same
Karnataka Kannad Different, Dvarsamudri
Andhra Pradesh Telugu Different, Telangana
Gujarat Gujarati Different, Gujari
Tamil Nadu Tamil Different, Malabari
Bengal Gauri Different, Bengala
Eastern Uttar Pradesh Awadhi Same
Delhi (and surrounding areas) Hindi Different, Hindawi
Did you notice that the names by which the languages are known to have changed over time? (NCERT Page 10)
Yes, most of the languages have changed over time.
Find out whether and for how long your state (Delhi) was part of these pan-regional empires. (NCERT Page 11)
Delhi for over a thousand years (700 to 1750).
Do you remember what Amir Khusrau had to say regarding Sanskrit, knowledge, and Brahmanas? (NCERT Page 11)
- About Sanskrit, Amir Khusrau said, that it did not belong to any region and it was an old language.
- No one except the Brahmanas knows it. It means Brahmanas were the scholars of Sanskrit.
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