On this page, you will find Understanding Quadrilaterals Class 8 Notes Maths Chapter 3 Pdf free download. CBSE NCERT Class 8 Maths Notes Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.

## CBSE Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Notes Understanding Quadrilaterals

### Understanding Quadrilaterals Class 8 Notes Conceptual Facts

Polygon: A simple closed curve made up of only line segments is called a polygon.

Examples of Polygons:

(i) Triangle

(ii) Quadrilateral

(iii) Pentagon

(iv) Hexagon

Convex and concave polygons

Regular and irregular polygons

Angle sum property: The sum of three angles of a triangle is 180° In AABC, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°

Sum of all the exterior angles of a polygon is 360°. In the given polygon ABODE, exterior angles ∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠4 + ∠5 = 360°.

Kind of Quadrilaterals

(i) Parallelogram

Properties

(a) Opposite angles are equal

(b) Opposite sides are equal

(c) Diagonals bisect each other

(ii) Rhombus:

(a) All sides are equal

(b) Opposite angles are equal

(c) Diagonals bisect each other at 90°

(iii) Rectangle

(a) It is a parallelogram having each angle of 90°

(b) Opposite sides are equal

(c) Diagonals are equal

(iv) Square:

(a) All sides are equal

(b) Each angle is of 90°

(c) Diagonals are equal and bisect each other at 90°

(v) Kite:

(a) Diagonals are perpendicular to each other.

(b) One of the diagonals bisects the other

(c) m∠A = m∠C but m∠B ≠ m∠D

(vi) Trapezium:

A pair of opposite sides is parallel to each other.