Key Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Extra Questions and Answers Key Elements of a Democratic Government
Key Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 4 Very Short Answers Type
What was the age of Maya Naidoo?
She was 11 years old.
Where did Maya Naidoo live?
She lived in the town of Johannesburg.
What was there in the box which Maya found?
She found a scrapbook full of pictures and newspaper articles.
What do you understand about ‘apartheid’.
Apartheid means separation or discrimination on the basis of race.
What do you mean by ‘Soweto’?
This was a black township in the South Western Township which was called ‘Soweto’.
Name the races that live in South Africa.
Races that live in South Africa are – Black people of South Africa, White who came from outside and Indians who came as labourers and traders.
Give the name of the party that fought against the apartheid system.
The African National Congress.
Who was the leader of ‘The African National Congress’?
When did South Africa become an Independent country?
Who can resolve the conflicts?
Government and its institutions can resolve the conflicts,
What is the time period of representatives in India?
Most of the representatives are elected for the period of 5 years.
What is required to be done for getting another opportunity for representation?
He/she will have to face election again.
Do people have right to criticize the government in democracy?
Yes, public can criticize and ask the questions.
Which two states are part of Cauvery dispute?
Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Name of dam made on the Cauvery River in Karnataka.
Name of dam made on the Cauvery River in Tamil Nadu.
Are the laws of equality and justice useful for girls?
Key Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 4 Short Answers Type
Why was the Hector Ndlovu shot?
He had joined the protest against learning the Afrikaans language in school. This was the language that the white spoke. School students were forced to learn this language but they wanted to learn their own language, Zulu. The South African police beat up the protestors mercilessly and shot at the crowd and one bullet killed the Hector.
What options does the public have if they disagree from any decision of the government?
If government takes any decision which is not in public interest can make a signature campaign; can protest through dharna, pradershan, rallies, strikes, social movements etc. In present time media is also important to attract the government towards public issues.
How the power of the government is limited?
Government got its power from its public. They are responsible to the public. They face the election and get elected by the public through vote. Most of the representatives are elected for a period of five years.
After completion of time period they are required to face the election again. In this way, the power of the government is limited and for the continuation of government, they need sanction of public.
Write in brief about conflict of Cauvery dispute.
Cauvery dispute is a very well known dispute between the States. This dispute is between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The water is stored in Krishnasagar dam in Karnataka and also in Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu. The water is used by both the states for various purposes including irrigation.
The dam situated in Tamil Nadu, can receive water only when water is released by Karnataka. Sometimes Karnataka released the water as per its requirement. This situation created a dispute between the both states. Time to time, the dispute has been settled by the River Tribunal as well as Supreme Court of India.
Key Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 4 Long Answers Type
Explain in brief ‘apartheid laws’ in South Africa.
South African people were divided on the basis of race-white, black, Indian and coloured races. Ac-cording to the law, these races were not allowed to mingle with each other, to live near each other or even to use common facilities. In South Africa, under the laws, hospitals, ambulance, trains, buses and even bus stops were also separate.
The facilities which were provided to the white people were well equipped and the best land was reserved for the white people. Non-whites were not allowed to vote. Black and coloured people were not considered to be equal to whites.
Write a short note on Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela was the leader of the African National Congress. It was a group of people who led the struggle against apartheid, and their most well-known leader was Mandela. In the leadership of Nelson Mandela, people fought against the apartheid system for several years. Finally, Nelson Mandela succeeded and South Africa became an independent country in 1994.
Why is it important to resolve the conflicts?
Conflicts among the people of the society can arise an unrest. This unrest can take a form of violence in which life and property risk may arise. Conflicts occur when people of different cultures, religions, regions and economic backgrounds do not get along with each other or when some among them feel that they are being discriminated against.
So, control of societal as well as individual conflicts is essential. To prevent and control the conflicts, government makes rules and laws which are obligatory to all. For the purpose, the government has made police force and many institutions.
Describe some conflicts in our society and the role of the government in resolving them?
Conflicts occur when people of different cultures, religions, regions, economic backgrounds do not get alongwith each other or when some among them feel that they are being discriminated against. People may use violent means to settle their differences.
This leads to fear and tension among others living in an area. The government is responsible for helping to resolve conflicts. Religious processions and celebrations can sometimes lead to conflicts.
Rivers too can become a source of conflicts between states. A river may begin in one state, flow through another and end in a third. The share of rivers water in different states may become an issue, such as dispute of Cauvery river.
In all the matters, concerned governments are responsible to settle the disputes. The government has Policing system, Court system. The governments play a great role in strengthening the institutions by way of providing sufficient infrastructure, funding etc.
Write a short note on equality and justice.
One of the key ideas of a democratic government is its commitment to equality and justice. Equality and justice are inseparable. The earlier practice of untouchability is now banned by law.
This group of people were denied education, transport or medical facilities and even the chance to offer prayers. Dr Ambedkar was of the view that justice can only be achieved when people are treated equally.
The government also recognizes this and makes special provisions for groups within society that are unequal. Sometimes, the society does not value the girl and boy child equally and this is unjust. The government has also made special provisions for equality and justice to the girls.