On this page, you will find NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Notes Civics Chapter 3 SST What is Government will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
What is Government Class 7 Notes Social Science Civics Chapter 3
CBSE Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes Understanding The Lesson
1. Every country needs a government to make decisions and execute them.
2. Government has a wide range of work such as:
3. Social welfare, service and developmental works;
4. Establish the social security;
5. Protecting the boundaries of the country and
6. Maintaining peaceful relations with other countries.
7. Government needs some amount of organization so that decisions can be made and implemented.
8. The government works at different levels-at local level, state level and at the national level.
9. There are two types of government-first democratic and second monarchy.
10. In a democratic government, people give the power to the government for making the decisions. The members are elected through the elections at different levels.
11. In monarchy, King or Queen has the power to make decisions and run the government. The monarch may have a small group of people to discuss matters with but the final decision-making power remains with the monarch. Unlike in a democracy, kings and queens do not have to explain their actions or defend the decisions they take.
12. The government makes laws and everyone who lives in the country has to follow these. This is the only way government can function. Government has power to make decisions and to enforce its decisions.
13. All over Europe and USA women and the poor have had to fight for participation in government. Women’s struggle to vote got strengthened during the First World War.
14. The term ‘suffrage’ usually means right to vote.
15. American women got the right to vote in 1920 while women in the UK got in 1928.
16. In India, before its independence, only a small minority was allowed to vote. Gandhiji demanded that all adults have the right to vote. This is known as universal adult franchise.
17. A journal, “Young India’ was published by the Gandhiji and the issues related to the marginalized, poor, women, labour etc., were strongly raised by him, time to time.