This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. There are example sentences to show how the language is used.
Verbs Exercises for Class 5 CBSE with Answers PDF
- Action, doing and being words are called verbs.
- Verbs have forms called tenses that tell us when an action happens.
- There are three forms of tenses. They are- Present Tense, Past tense, Future Tense.
- The main verb shows the action or state of being in a sentence.
- Is, am, are, has, have are the helpers of the Present tense. Was, were and had are the helpers of the Past tense. Will, Shall are the helpers of the Future tense.
- All of them are called helping verbs. We add -d or-ed to Regular verbs refer to the past. For example: walk-walked, jump-jumped.
- We change the spellings of Irregular verbs when we refer to the past. For example- sit-sat, come- came, stand-stood, go-went.
The Simple Present tense talks about things as they happen. We add s-or es to verbs in a sentence that comes with singular nouns. The Simple Past Tense talks about things that happened in the past. The simple past tense is usually made by adding ‘ed to the verb. The Simple Future Tense is used to talk about things that will happen in the future. We use either shall or will with the main verb.
Present Continuous Tense : We use the Present Continuous Tense when we refer to the actions that are happening in the present. We use is, am, are as helping verbs and add ing to the main verb.
Past Continuous Tense : We use Past Continuous Tense when we refer to the actions that were happening in the past. We use was and were’as helping verbs and add ing to the main verb.
Future Continuous Tense : We use this tense when we refer to actions that will be in progress at a certain point or at a certain time period in the future. Verb endings do not change in the future tense. We use the word ‘will’ or ‘going to’ to show that an action or fact pertains to the future.
- [will be] [verb + “ing”]
- [is/are + going to] [verb + “ing”]
The Present perfect tense shows action or state in the indefinite past. It is also used to show action begun in the past and continuing into the present. To make the present perfect tense, we use: -‘have”has’ + the past participle.
The Past perfect tense expresses an action taking place before a certain time in the past. To make the past perfect tense, we use: -had + the past participle form of verb. Make the past participle by adding ‘ed’ to regular verbs. The Future perfect tense indicates that somebody will have done something by a certain time in the future. We use: will have + past participle form of verb in this tense. The -ing form of verb is called present participle. It can be used in the continuous tenses. For ex, driving a car, walking to the park.
The -ed form of verb with has, have and had is called past participle.
Irregular verbs also have participle forms. For example: broken, driven, spoken, written. It can be used as an adjective. For example: cooked vegetables, feeling depressed We use modal verbs to say: that someone is able to do something, (can, could), that someone is allowed to do something, or (may, might), that someone has to do something (must).
Verbs Exercises for Class 5 with Answers CBSE PDF
A. Underline the main and helping verbs in the passage given below. The first one has been done for you.
Mr. Singh and the children went to the lake. They looked at the water. It was dirty. While they were walking around they saw garbage in the lake. “May be that is polluting the lake,” said Karan. “There is oil too on the water and oil pollutes water. This oil comes from boats on the lake.” “Why are people polluting the lake?” asked Ravi. “They are not the only ones who pollute it,” said Mr. Singh. “The people who own factories also pollute it. The children who were watching the lake looked worried and unhappy.
B. Fill in the blanks with Simple Present or Present Continuous form of the verb given in the bracket after each blank.
1. We (a) ______________ (go) to the Darjeeling for a picnic. It is a beautiful town which (b) ______________ (lie) at the foot of a mountain range and there is a stream which (c) ______________ (flow) near the town.
2. The farmer (a) ______________ (cut) the corn while the children (b). ______________ (play) in the shed that I (c) ______________ (see) at the end of the farm.
3. I (a) ______________ (love) music and these days I (b) ______________ (learn) to play the piano. Mrs. Singh (c) ______________ (teach) me very patiently.
4. She (a) ______________ (read) a lot of books and (b) ______________ (take) pride in it. Look! Even now she (c) ______________ (read) a story book.
5. We (a) ______________ (wait) for Pawan. We (b) ______________ (go) to see a movie that (c) ______________ (start) at 3 p.m.
C. Fill in the blanks with Simple Past or Past Continuous form of the verb given in the brackets after each blank.
1. He (a) ______________ (worry) because he (b) ______________ (know) that he (c) ______________ (be) late.
2. He (a) ______________ (eat) all the biscuits while his mother (b) ______________ (sleep). Then he quickly (c) ______________ (run) away.
3. The teacher (a) ______________ (punish) Heena. She (b) ______________ She (c) (promise) never to lie again.
4. We (a) ______________ (see) beautiful fishes, they were (b) ______________ (play) games with each other. They happily (c) ______________ (jump) in and out of the water.
5. The movie we (a) ______________ (see) yesterday was very (b) ______________ (frighten). I kept (c) ______________ (scream) throughout the movie.
D. Fill in the blanks with Simple Past, Past Continuous, Simple Present or Present Continuous form of the verb given in the bracket after each blank.
I was at Mr. Gupta’s toy shop this morning. I (a) ______________ (look) for a gift for Mohit. It (b) ______________ (be) his birthday today and he (c) ______________ (throw) a party in the evening. I (d) ______________ (see) a small green car in the shop. Since Mohit (e) ______________ (love) rocks, I (f) ______________ (decide) to buy it for him. I (g) ______________ (look) for Mr. Gupta when I (h) ______________ (see) a policeman in the shop. The policeman (i) ______________ (interview) people. I think something (j) ______________ (miss) from the shop and the police (k) ______________ (try) to find the thief.
E. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past or Past Perfect form of the verb given in the brackets after each blank.
1. When I (a) ______________ (reach) the station, the train (b) ______________ (leave).
2. The boy (a) ______________ (decide) to free the bird but it (b) ______________ (die) two days ago.
3. He (a) ______________ (finish) all the work, when we (b) ______________ (reach) the office.
4. The teacher (a) ______________ (teach) the lesson when I (b) ______________ (join) the school.
5. The robbers (a) ______________ (escape) by the time the police (b) ______________ (arrive).
F. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Present or Present Perfect form of the verb given in the brackets after each blank.
1. This dress (a) ______________ (look) beautiful. I (b) ______________ (buy) it for you.
2. I(a) ______________ (play) daily and this (b) ______________ (be) the best match ever.
3. l(a) ______________ (love) ghost stories and I (b) ______________ (hear) many ever.
4. Although I (a) ______________ (know) him I (b) ______________ (forget) his name.
5. The shop (a) ______________ (give) little choice but I (b) ______________ (select) my gift.
G. Given below is a news report. Complete it by using the suitable form of the verb given after each blank.
Truck Collides With School Bus
In a tragic accident last evening, a truck (a) ______________ (collide) with a school bus on the National Highway. The accident is (b) ______________ (report) to (c) ______________ (occur) at 6 p.m. The school bus (d) ______________ (carry) forty children (e) ______________ (return) from a picnic. Thirty-three children (f) ______________ (admit), to a nearby hospital. The condition of ten is (g) ______________ (say) to be critical, while the others (h) ______________ (recover). No one (i) ______________ (know) the exact cause of the accident though it is suspected that the truck driver might (j) ______________ (fall) asleep while driving.
H. Fill in the blanks with suitable forms of the verbs given in the box.
punish – make – determine – work – happy – fail – appoint – praise
The whole class (a) ______________ by the Geography teacher. Sanchit is the only child who (b) ______________ his project. The others (c) ______________ to do their work. Sanchit is (d) ______________ he (e) ______________ all night to complete his project. He (f) ______________ to complete his work. The teacher (g) ______________ him and gave him three golden stars. She (h) ______________ him the monitor of the class.
I. Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks with will/shall the verbs given in the box below.
be, get, meet, take, buy, go, look
1. Anil : “I hear you have won a lottery. What will you do with the prize?”
Sunil: I ______________ a new car
2. Riya: “Why don’t you try on your new dress?
Pooja: I don’t think it ______________ good on me.
3. ‘See you. I hope we ______________ again soon’.
4. ‘I will take you to airport today’.
‘No, thanks, Anjali ______________ me.
5. It’s raining. Don’t go out.
You ______________ wet.
6. Avni has invited me to her sister’s marriage.
But I don’t think I ______________ there.
7. I ______________ very thankful to you, sir.
J. Rewrite the following sentences in Future Continuous.
1. She (write) to you in a few days.
2. I (not go) to town again this week.
3. Mr. Trump (visit) India in March.
K. Rewrite the following sentences in Future Perfect.
1. By the end of this year, my father (payoff) all his debts.
2. By next July, he (write) his second novel.
3. By the year 2100, human beings (travel) to Mars.
L. Complete the following sentences with an appropriate participle.
1. His ___________ coat needs mending.
2. A ___________ stone gathers no moss.
3. A ___________ opportunity never returns.
4. He kept me ___________
5. She looked ___________
6. I saw the storm ___________
a. approaching o
7. ___________ a noise, I turned around.
8. Being ___________ he quit his job.
9. Being ___________ with work, I couldn’t meet them.
10. ___________ by his wife, he persevered.
a. Encouraged O
b. Encouraging O
M. Fill in the blanks with suitable modal verbs.
I wish I (i) ___________ be a scientist. How exciting it (ii) ___________ be to go to Antartica! I (iii) ___________ be able to play with penguins and seals. (iv) ___________ be I (v) ___________ bring one back with me!. I (vi) ___________ even think of building house there.
N. Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals given below.
will, might, would, should, may, can
1. Gandhiji ___________ spin everyday.
2. We ___________ pay taxes regularly.
3. ___________ you please keep quiet?
4. Eat so that you ___________ live.
5. ___________ I ask you a question please?
6. I ___________ be pleased to help you.