Judiciary Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Extra Questions and Answers Judiciary
Judiciary Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 5 Very Short Answers Type
What is the present location of Supreme Court of India?
Supreme Court of India is presently located at Tilak Marg, New Delhi.
When did the Supreme Court devise the mechanism of PIL?
The Supreme Court devised the mechanism of Public Interest Litigation in 1980.
State the levels of court in our country.
There are three different levels of courts in our country.
What is meant by the term ‘Acquit?
This refers to the court declaring that a person is not guilty of the crime which he/she was tried for by the court.
Write few example of the criminal law.
Theft, harassing a woman to bring more dowry, murder, etc.
What is the full form of PIL?
Public Interest Litigation.
What is the full form of FIR?
First Investigation Report.
Name the three Presidency cities in which High Courts were first established.
High Courts were first established in the three Presidency cities of Calcutta, Bombay and
Madras in 1862.
Is Indian judiciary is dependent or independent?
Indian Judiciary is independent.
Write any one aspect of the independent judiciary.
The main aspect of Independent Judiciary is no influence of others.
How many levels of court are there in India?
There are 3 different level of courts in the country.
Which court is at the open level?
The Supreme court of India.
Which is the Apex Court of any state?
The High court of that state.
What is the meaning of integrated judicial system in respect to India?
It means that the decisions made by higher courts are binding on the lower courts.
Where does a person can appeal if they believe that decisions are made by the lower court is not just?
A person can appeal to a higher court if they believe that the judgement passed by the lower court is not just.
What is meant by compensation?
This refers to the money given to make amends for an injury or loss.
In which year was the PIL mechanism was devised by the Supreme court?
Which law deals with conduct or acts that the law defined as offences?
When was the Supreme court was established in India?
The Supreme court was established on 26th Jan 1950 the day India became a Republic.
What dopes FIR stands for?
It stands for First investigation report.
Judiciary Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 5 Short Answers Type
State the basic difference b/w criminal law and civil law.
The basic difference is:
Criminal law: Deals with conduct or acts that the law defines as offences. For example, theft, harassing a woman to bring more dowry, murder.
Civil law: Deals with any harm or injury to rights of individuals. For example, disputes relating to sale of land, purchase of goods, rent matters, divorce cases.
How does the Supreme Court ensure the protection of Fundamental Rights.
Independence of judiciary allows the court to ensure the proper functioning of executive and legislature. It also plays a crucial role in protecting the Fundamental Rights of citizens because anyone can approach the courts if they believe that their rights have been violated.
What role does separation of power play in making independence of judiciary successful? Answer:
One of the aspect of this independence is the separation of power which is the key feature of the Constitution and this means that other branches of the state like the legislature and the executive – cannot interfere in the work of the judiciary. The courts are not under the government and do not act on their behalf.
What happened in the case ‘Paschim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samity vs State of West Bengal’
Hakim Sheikh, an agricultural labourer, who fell from a running train and injured himself and whose condition got worse because several hospitals refused to admit him.
On this Supreme Court directed the West Bengal government to pay him compensation for the loss suffered as well as to come up with a blueprint for primary health care with particular reference to treatment of patients during an emergency.
What is Judicial Review?
As the final interpreter of the Constitution, the judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it believes that these are a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution. This is called Judicial Review.
Judiciary Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 5 Long Answers Type
What type of issues are handled by the courts of India. Describe work of judiciary in brief.
Courts in India take decisions on a very large number of issues. They can decide whether teacher can beat a student, or about the sharing of river water between states, or they can punish people for particular crimes. The work of the judiciary can be divided into the following:
- Dispute Resolution: The judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between citizens, between citizens and the government, between two state governments and between the centre and state governments.
- Judicial Review: As final interpreter of the Constitution, the judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it believes that these laws are a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution. This is called the Judicial Review.
- Upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights: Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme Court or High Court if they believe that their Fundamental Rights have been violated.