Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic Class 6 History Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science SST History Chapter 6 Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic.
Class 6 History Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic
Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Very Short Answers Type
Who composed later Vedic books?
Later Vedic books were composed by priests.
Where is Varna system described?
Varna system is described in the Vedas.
In which area were social and economic differences not very sharp and influence of the priests was limited?
In north-east, social and economic differences were not very sharp, and the influence of the priests was limited.
Give the name of janapadas stated by archaeologists.
The old Janapadas are – Purana Qila (at Delhi), Hastinapur (near Meerut), Atranjikhera (near Etah, UP).
Give the name of the crop which was grown first time by the people.
Sugar cane was found as a new crop in these settlements, before it, no evidences of growing sugar cane found.
How was e tax collected from the formers?
It was one-sixth part of what they produced in agriculture.
What wa s given by herders to the king as a tax?
Herders paid tax in form of animals and its produce.
What was paid by craftsman as tax?
Tax paid by craftsman was in form of labour. They had to work for raja, one day in a month.
Which rivers flew through the Magadha?
River which flew through the Magadha were the Ganga and the Son.
Name of two powerful rulers of Magadha?
Bimbisara, Ajatashattu were very powerful rulers of Magadha.
What was the capital of Magadha?
Rajgir (in Bihar) was the capital of Magadha for several years. Later, the capital was shifted to , Pataliputra – present day Patna.
What do you understand by ‘gana’?
Gana was used for a group that had many members.
What do you understand by ‘Sangha’?
Sangha was used for the organization or association.
What do you know about ‘Digha Nikaya’?
‘Digha Nikaya’ is a famous Buddhist book, which contains some speeches of the Buddha.
Who wanted to attack on Vajjis?
Ajatashattu wanted to attack on Vajjis.
Why did Ajatashattu sent his minister to the Buddha?
Ajatashattu wanted to attack the Vajjis. He sent his minister named Vassakara to the Buddha to get his advice on the matter.
How many times did the assembly of Athens met in an year?
The assembly of Athens met at least 40 times in an year.
Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Short Answers Type
Who conducted sacrifice rituals?
In the sacrifice rituals, priests performed rituals, wives and sons performed minor ritual, other kings participated as spectators, ordinary people and Vaishyas brought gifts.
Who was the central figure of rituals?
In the rituals, the raja was the central figure. He had a special seat, a throne or a tiger skin. His charioteer, who was his companion in the battle field and witnessed his adventures, chanted tale of his glory. The raja who organized the sacrifice was recognized as being very powerful, and all those who came ; brought gifts for him.
Where were the later Vedic books composed?
The later Vedic books were composed in the area drained by the Ganga and the Yamuna.
What was described in the later Vedic Books?
The later Vedic books described how rituals were to be performed and rules about society.
How many vamas have been described in the Vedas? Give the work of all.
The Vedas described 4 vamas. These are – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Their work are described as under:
- Brahmins were expected to study the Vedas, perform sacrifices and receive gifts.
- Kshatriyas were the rulers. They were expected to fight battles and protect people.
- Vaishyas were the expected to be farmers, herders and traders.
- Shudras were the last who had to serve the other three groups and could not perform any sacrifice. Later, they were classified untouchable.
What was special in pottery?
A special pottery was found in these sites which were gray and red in colour. These grey pots had painted designs in geometric patterns. This pottery is called ‘Painted Grey Ware’.
Make a list of mahajanapadas of subcontinent.
Mahajanapadas and janapadas were as under:
- Avanti etc.
What did hunters and gatherers pay to the king?
Perhaps, they would have paid the following:
- Meat (edible animals)
- Skin (Lion, Tiger etc.)
- Horn (dear etc.)
- Herbs and shrubs (for medicine use)
- Forest produce etc.
What were the major changes in the agriculture?
There were two major changes that occurred in the agriculture.
- Use of iron ploughshares.
- People began transplanting paddy.
How were the Mahajanapadas fortified?
Forts were built because people were afraid of attacks from other kings and needed protection. Some kings also wanted to show how rich and powerful they are by building really large, tall and impressive walls around their cities. People were also controlled easily by the kings by fortification.
Make a list of all those categories who would be present at the time of sacrifice.
Hunters and gatherers
Categories which have been described in terms of their occupations are:
Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Long Answers Type
What was the purpose of ashvamedha and how was it organized?
Ashvamedha was a ritual for choosing the raja. In Ashvamedha, a horse was let loose to wander freely and it was guarded by the raja’s men. If the horse enterred into the kingdoms of other rajas and they stopped it, they had to fight. If they allowed the horse to pass, it meant that they accepted that the raja who wanted to perform the sacrifice was stronger than them. These rajas were then invited to the sacrifice, which was performed by specially trained priests. The raja who organized the sacrifice was recognized as being very powerful, and all those who came brought gifts for him.
Why did people oppose the system of vamas and untouchability?
Many people did not accept the system of vama laid down by the Brahmins. Kings felt superior to the priests. Others felt that birth, occupation must not be a basis for deciding good or bad. Some felt that everybody should have right to perform rituals.
Others, condemned the practice of untouchability. There were many areas in the subcontinent, such as the north-east, where social and economic differences were not very sharp, and where the influences of the priests was limited.
Varna system was affecting the downtrodden or marginalized people. They had no rights even to entry in the temples, to perform the worship, to drink water from wells, to create habitation nearby to the other people of society, they were also not allowed to touch any article of other vamas etc. All these are some reasons for which varna, as well as untouchability system, was opposed.
Further, our constitution has also made rules to prevent the untouchability in the society in any way under the fundamental rights. Thus, now in India, untouchability is totally prohibited.
List two ways in which the rajas of the mahajanapadas were different from those mentioned in the Rigveda.
Rajas of the mahajanapadas were different from those mentioned in the Rigveda; The two ways are:
- The new rajas now began maintaining armies. Soldiers were paid regular salaries and were maintained by the king throughout the year;
- Fortification of the mahajanapadas and
- They started collecting regular taxes.
Why were changes in agriculture encouraged by the king?
He would have wanted to produce much more from the agriculture, because they had own armies, needed food arrangement at the time of offering, organizing other gatherings etc., all needed food and grains. Apart from this, perhaps population would have increased which also required food. It may be possible that he thought agriculture can make the kingdoms prosperous.
State about taxes imposed on the groups of people.
Raja imposed taxes on all groups of people. The taxes were collected as under:
- Tax on crops was begun, that was l/6th part of what was produced. This tax was called ‘bhaga’.
- Taxes on craftspersons in the form of labour. They had to work for a day in every month for the king.
- Herders also paid taxes in form of animals and animals produces.
- There were also taxes on goods that were bought and sold through trade.
- Hunters and gatherers also had to provide forest produces as tax.
How were forests and rivers important for the Magadha? Describe.
Forests and rivers were very important for the Magadha Mahajanapada. Due to the forested area, elephants, which lived in forest, could be captured and trained for armies. Forests also provided wood for building houses, carts and chariots. Similarly, Magadha emphasised on agriculture and new tools were developed with the help of wood and iron.
Agriculture needs timely water supply in the fields for irrigation pin-pose. The rivers such as the Ganga and the Son of this area played an important role in fertility of the land. In these ways, both forests and rivers were important for the Magadha.
Where did Alexander live? Why did he not attack on Magadha?
Alexander lived in Macedonia in Europe. He wanted to conquer the world. He reached upto the bank of Beas. When he wanted to march the further towards east, his soldiers refused because they heard about the India’s Kings and their armies, chariots and elephants. Thus, he could not become successful in his plan to conquer the Magadha and other Mahajanapadas.
What do you understand about Athens cilivization which existed around 2500 years ago? Do you think this was a true democracy?
Around 2500 years ago, the people of Athens set up a form of government which was called democracy which lasted for about 200 years. All the men over the age of 30 years were recognized as full citizens. All citizens could attend these meetings of assembly that met at least 40 times in an year. Positions were made through lottery.
Citizens were expected to serve in the army and the navy. However, women were not considered citizens. Foreigners, who lived and worked in Athens did not have rights as citizens. There were several thousand slaves in Athens, who worked in mines, fields, households and workshops and they were not treated as citizens.
Athens civilization, which was around 2500 years ago does not seem a true democracy because there was no right for women and slaves and they were not allowed to participate in the assembly. On the other hand, men, farmers, artisans had been given the rights of democracy. Whereas, in a democracy the rights are provided without any discrimination on the ground of sex and work. However, we can say, that this was the beginning of democracy.
Map-Based Questions Class 6 History Chapter 6 Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic – colour
Find out janapadas and mahajanapadas on Indian map?
Some mahajanapadas and janapadas can be located on Indian map:
(viii) Avanti etc.