The Mughal Empire Class 7 History Chapter 4 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire.
Class 7 History Chapter 4 Extra Questions and Answers The Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 4 Very Short Answers Type
Mention the year in which Mughal Empire was established in India.
Who defeated Humayun at Chausa and Kanauj battles?
When was Delhi recaptured by Humayun?
In 1555, Humayun recaptured Delhi.
What was the age of Akbar when he became emperor? *
He was only 13 years old.
Who was Akbar’s father?
Akbar’s father’s name was Humayun.
When did Jahangir become Emperor of Mughal?
Jahangir became Emperor of Mughal after death of his father Akbar in 1605.
What is recognized as a great success of Jahangir? r
The Sisodiya ruler of Mewar, Amar Singh accepted Mughal service which was a great success of Jahangir.
Who was Dara Shukoh?
Dara Shukoh was son of Shah Jahan.
Who killed his three brothers including Dara shukoh?
It is stated that Aurangzeb killed his three brothers including Dara Shukoh.
Name of the Emperor who spent his last days in the jail.
He was Shah Jahan who spent his last days in the jail.
Name the Mughal descendants.
The Mughals were descendants (offspring) of two great lineages of rulers; from the mother side Genghis Khan and from father’s side Timur.
Who was the first emperor of Mughal in India?
Babur was the first Mughal emperor in India.
To whom Babur defeated and captured Delhi and Agra?
Babur defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526 and captured Delhi and Agra.
When was the first war of Panipat fought?
When Babur defeated to Rana Sanga?
In 1527 Babur defeated to Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies.
Give the names of all Mughal emperors.
Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb were the Mughal emperors.
Who was mother of Jahangir?
The mother of Jahangir was a Kachhwaha princess, daughter of the Rajput ruler of Amber (Jaipur).
Who was mother of Shah Jahan?
The mother of Shah Jahan was a Rathor princess, daughter of the Rajput ruler of Marwar (Jodhpur).
Who refused to accept Mughal authority upto a long time?
The Sisodiya Rajputs refused to accept Mughal authority for a long time.
What was the main source of income for the Mughals?
The main source of income was tax on the produce of the peasantry.
Who was Todar Mai?
Todar Mai was Akbar’s revenue minister.
Give the name of provinces where zabt was not possible to implement.
This was not possible in provinces such as Gujarat and Bengal.
What do you mean by ‘suba’ and ‘subadar’?
Akbar’s empire was divided into provinces called subas, governed by subadar. Subadar carried out both political and military functions.
Who was called diwan under Mughal administrative system?
Each province had a financial officer who was called ‘diwan’.
What was the main ethics of ‘sulh-i-kul’ established by Akbar?
‘Sulh-i-kul’ was focused on a system of ethics—honesty, justice and peace.
The Mughal Empire Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 4 Short Answers Type
What were the historically happenings during 16th to 17th century in the entire subcontinent?
From the latter half of the 16th century the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly the entire subcontinent.
Why was it difficult to rule in a large territory as the Indian subcontinent?
Ruling as large a territory as the Indian subcontinent with such a diversity of people and cultures was an extremely difficult task for any ruler.
What do you know about term ‘zamindar’?
To describe the intermediaries, whether they were local headmen of villages or powerful chieftains the term used was ‘zamindar’. Peasants paid taxes through this zamindar.
Who provided support to subadar?
The subadar was supported by other officers such as military paymaster (bakhshi), the minister in charge of religious and charitable patronage (sadr), military commanders (faujdars) and the town police commander (kotwal).
Write about ‘sulh-i-kul’?
‘Sulh-i-kul’ is a Persian ward which means ‘universal peace’. As a strong administrative function, Akbar established ‘sulh-i kul’. It did not allowed discrimination between people of different religions in his realm. While, it was focused on a system of ethics-honesty, justice and peace that was universally applicable.
The Mughal Empire Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 4 Long Answers Type
What efforts were undertaken by Mughal to make them stronger?
The Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against rulers who refused to accept their authority. Many rulers also joined them voluntarily. The Rajputs are a good example of this. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions.
Who were ‘mansabdars’ and how was ‘Zat’ important for them?
The Mughals recruited diverse bodies of people. Those who joined Mughal service were enrolled as mansabdars. These mansabdars held a mansab. Rank, salary and military responsibilities of the mansabdars were determined by grading system.
Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary.
What were the responsibilities of mansabdars?
The main responsibilities of a mansabdar were: to maintain the military and collect the taxes.
(i) The military responsibilities: It required him to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. The mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, and their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary.
(ii) Mansabdars received their salaries from the revenue collected under their mansab.
- In Akbar’s reign these jagirs were carefully assessed so that the revenues were roughly equal to the salary of the mansabdar.
- By Aurangzeb’s reign this was no longer the case and the actual revenue collected was often less than the granted sum.
Describe the work of Todar Mai undertaken for lands and taxes.
Todar Mai carried out a careful survey of crop yields, price and areas cultivated for a 10-years period, 1570-1580. On the basis of this data, tax was fixed on each crop in cash. Each province was divided into revenue circles with its own schedule of revenue rates for individual crops. This revenue system was called ‘zabt’. It was prevalent in those areas where Mughal administrators could survey the land and keep very careful accounts.
Describe about “Akbar Nama” and its volume?
Abul Fazl wrote a three-volume history of Akbar’s reign, titled “Akbar Nama”. The first volume dealt with Akbar’s ancestors and the second volume recorded the events of Akbar’s reign. The third volume is the Ain-i-Akbari, it deals with Akbar’s administration, household, army, the revenues and the geography of his empire.
It also provides rich details about the traditions and culture of the people living in India. The most interesting aspect about the Ain-i-Akbari is its rich statistical details about things as diverse as crops, yields, prices, wages and revenues.
Map-Based Questions Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire
Find out military campaigns under Akbar and Aurangzeb: