New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms.
Class 7 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers New Kings and Kingdoms
New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Very Short Answers Type
Why is the time span important between 7th to 12th centuries?
The time span between 7th to 12th centuries is important because many new dynasties
emerged in different parts of the subcontinent.
Who were acknowledged as the ‘samantas’?
In 7th century there were big landlords or warrior chiefs in different regions, they were acknowledged as subordinates or samantas of kings.
What was expected by the kings from samantas?
Samantas were expected to bring gifts and provide them military support.
How did samantas become ‘maha-mandaleshvara’?
As samantas gained power and wealth, they declared themselves to be maha-mandaleshvara.
Who were mah-samantas?
The samantas who got power and wealth were also called ‘maha-samantas’.
What do you understand about ‘hiranya-garbha’?
The Rashtrakutas in the Deccan were initially subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka but later overthrew them and performed a ritual called ‘hiranya-garbha’. This ritual leads to the “rebirth” of the sacrificer as a Kshatria, even if he not one by birth.
Who was Kadamba Mayurasharman?
The Kadamba Mayurasharman was Brahmana who gave up traditional profession and took to arm, successfully establishing kingdom in Karnataka.
Who was Pratihara Harichandra?
The Gurjara Pratihara Harichandra was a Brahmana who gave up traditional professions and took to arms, successfully establishing kingdoms in Rajasthan.
How were resources obtained by the states?
In each of these states resources were obtained from the producers, peasants, cattle keepers, artisans.
Where did the Cholas ruled?
The Cholas were in Tamil Nadu.
How many taxes were imposed in the Cholas regime?
There were more than 400 kinds of taxes in the Cholas regime.
What do you understand about ‘vetti’?
In the Cholas regime, the most frequently mentioned tax is ‘vetti’ taken not in cash but in the form of forced labour.
What do you understand by word ‘kadamai?
‘Kadamai’ was tax of the Cholas regime imposed for land revenue.
What was the use of collected taxes?
The collected taxes were used for the construction of temples and forts, to fight wars, and access to land as well as trade routes.
What was referred in prashasti found in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh?
One prashasti written in Sanskrit and found in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh describes the exploits of Nagabhata, a Pratihara King.
Mention the use of copper plates during the period.
Kings often rewarded Brahmanas by grants of land. These were recorded on copper plates, which were given to those who received the land.
Where did the Chauhans ruled?
The Chauhans ruled over the region around Delhi and Ajmer.
What was the target of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni?
He raided the subcontinent almost every year. His targets were wealthy temples, including that of Somnath, Gujarat.
Who wrote ‘Kitab-al-Hind’?
Al-Biruni wrote it.
Who captured delta from the Muttaraiyar?
Vijayalaya, who belonged to the ancient chiefly family of the Cholas from Uraiyur captured the delta from the Muttaraiyar in the middle of the ninth century.
Who built Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini?
Vijayalaya Chola built the town named Thanjavur.
Who conquered the Pandyan and the Pallava territories?
Vijayalaya conquered the Pandyan and the Pallava territories.
Who built temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram?
The temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram were built by Rajaraja and Rajendra.
How many sabhas were formed by the Cholas for the regulation of various works?
Inscription received from Tamil Nadu, provide the details of various sabha such as irrigation
works, gardens, temples etc., with a certain criteria of eligibility.
New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Short Answers Type
What do you meant by maharaja-adhiraja, tribhuvana-chakravartin?
The meaning of maharaja-adhiraja and tribhuvana-chakravartin are ‘great king’ and ‘Lord of the three worlds’ respectively. Many of the new kings adopted high sounding titles such as maharaja-adhiraja and tribhuvana-chakravartin. They often shared power with their samantas as well as with associations of peasants, traders and Brahmanas.
Who collected the taxes?
For collecting the taxes or revenue functionaries were generally recruited from influential families and positions were often hereditary. In many cases, close relatives of the king held
What do you understand by ‘tripartite struggle’?
In the Ganga valley, city of Kanauj was the area where three dynasties fought for control. These dynasties were
- Rashtrakuta and
- Pala dynasties.
Historians often describe it as the ‘tripartite struggle’.
What attempts were made to expand the regime by the Chauhans?
The Chauhans attempted to expand their control to the west and the east, where they were opposed by the Chalukyas of Gujarat and the Gahadavalas of western Uttar Pradesh. The best known Chauhans ruler was Prithviraja III (1168-1192), who defeated an Afghan ruler name Sultan Muhammad Ghori in 1191, but next year in 1192 he was defeated by Ghori.
How did the rulers demonstrate their power and resources?
Rulers tried to demonstrate their power and resources by building large temples. So, when they attacked, they often chose to target temples, which were sometimes extremely rich.
When and where did Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni ruled?
Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, Afghanistan ruled from 997 to 1030 and extended control over parts of Central Asia, Iran and the north-western part of the subcontinent.
How were the temples hubs for economic, social and cultural life?
Temples and its area were maintained by those who worked at the temple and very often lived near it, priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians, dancers, etc. In other words, temples were not only places of worship; they were the hub of economic, social and
cultural life as well.
Describe the development of agriculture in Cholas regime.
Many of the achievements of the Cholas were made possible through new developments in agriculture. The Kaveri branches off into several channels before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. Water from the channels also provides the necessary moisture for agriculture particularly the cultivation of rice.
New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Long Answers Type
How did the new dynasties emerge?
By the 7th century there were big landlords or warrior chiefs in different regions of the subcontinent. The kings often acknowledged them as their subordinates or samantas. These samantas provided gifts and military support to the king. As samantas gained power and wealth, they declared themselves to be maha- samanta or maha-mandaleshvara and so on. Sometimes they asserted their independence from their overlords.
As an example, Rashtrakutas were subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a ritual called hiranya-garbha. Likewise, Kadamba Mayurasharman and the Gurjara Pratihara Harichandra were Brahmanas who gave up their traditional professions and took to arms, successfully establishing kingdoms in Karnataka and Rajasthan respectively. Thus, a new dynasty emerged.
How did the kingdoms obtained resources?
During the period, the kings often shared their power with their samantas as well as associations of peasants, traders and BrahmAnswer:Resources were obtained from producers such as peasants, cattle keepers, artisans etc. In the Cholas regime there were more than 400 taxes.
Vetti was taken not in cash but in the form of forced labour and kadamai or land revenue. There were also tax on house, the use of a ladder to climb palm trees, a cess on succession to family property etc. These resources were used to finance the king’s establishment, construction of temples and forts also used to fight wars.
Picture Based Questions Class 7 History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms
Look the temple given and give the answer:
- Who built this temple and when?
- Who and when built this temple?
- Where is this situated?
- To whom is temple dedicated?
- Gangaikonda temple.
- The temple was built by Rajendra in 1035 AD. Rajendra was a king of Chola dynasty.
- Situated in Cholapuram, Distt.: Ariyalur Tamil Nadu.
- Mainly dedicated to Bhagwan Shiva.
Map-Based Questions Class 7 History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms
In the given map locate the followings Regimes:
(i) Cholas Regime
(ii) Palas Regime
(iii) Rashtrakutas Regime
(iv) Chauhans Regime