On this page, you will find NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 12 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Notes History Chapter 12 SST Buildings, Paintings, and Books will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
Buildings, Paintings, and Books Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 12
CBSE Class 6 History Chapter 12 Notes Understanding The Lesson
1. At many places, evidence of skill, art, architecture and literature are available in India.
2. In the Mehrauli area of Delhi, a famous Iron Pillar is a remarkable example of such skill and crafts. A ruler named Chandra is mentioned on the pillar. Probably, he belonged to the Gupta Dynasty. An amazing fact is that the pillar has not rusted in all these years.
3. Stupas also show the skills of our craftspersons. Stupa means a mound. There are several kinds of stupas – round and tall, big and small.
4. But stupa has certain common features, generally there is a small box which is known as ‘relic casket’ and placed at the centre or heart of the stupa.
5. Stupa may contain bodily remains such as teeth, bone or ashes of the Buddha or his followers or things they used, as well as precious stones and coins.
6. Around the stupa, the path is known as the ‘pradakshina patha’. Devotees walked around the stupa in a clockwise direction, as a mark of devotion. Amaravati was a place where a magnificent stupa once existed.
7. Some of the earliest Hindu temples were also built at this time. Deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Durga were worshipped in shrines.
8. Garbhagriha was the most important part of the temple where the image of the chief deity was placed. Mandapa was a part of temple where people could assemble.
9. At Bhitargaon, a tower known as the ‘shikhara’ was built on top of the garbhagriha to mark this as a sacred place.
10. Some of the finest stone temples were built in Mahabalipuram and Aihole.
11. Probably Kings and queens spent money to build the temples or stupas.
12. Ajanta is a place where several caves were hollowed out of the hills over centuries. Most of these were monasteries for Buddhist monks. Some of them were decorated with paintings.
13. During this period some best-known epics were written. One of them was Silappadikaram which was composed by a poet named Ilango. Another one Tamil epic is Manimekalai which was composed by Sattanar.
14. Meghaduta was written in Sanskrit by Kalidasa.
15. ‘Puranas’ were also composed during the period which contained religious stories. These were written in Sanskrit which is different from Vedic Sanskrit. These can be heard by everybody including women and shudras.
16. The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are two Sanskrit epics.
Buildings, Paintings, and Books Class 7 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Stupa: Stupa means a mound.
Temple: Hindus’ religious place, where worship is performed.
Painting: This is an art in which colours are used to make a picture.
Epic: A long, detailed and comprehensive composition in which events of one or more heroes are narrated.
Story: The account of an incident is called story.
Purana: These are religious old books of Hindus.
Science: Science is systematic knowledge.
Mathematics: By learning mathematics, we learn calculations.
Notes of History Class 6 Chapter 12 Time Period
2300 years ago: Beginning of stupa building.
2000 years ago: Stupas were made in Amaravati.
1600 years ago: Period of Kalidasa as well as Chandragupta-II.
1500 years ago: Formed painting in Ajanta caves. Iron Pillar, Temple at Bhitargaon.
1400 years ago: Durga temple.