These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 3.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 -16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’ test items.
PART – A
Answer all the questions given below:
Who was Harisena?
Why was Ibn-Battuta fond of travels? Give any two reasons.
Who were the Paharias? How did they earn their livelihood?
Answer any five of the following questions:
Mention the main subsistence methods of the Harappan people.
Who was Gotami-putra Satakami? What were his main achievements?
What was the common financial pool of Panchayat during 16 – 17th centuries? Mention its importance.
How did Akbar try to tie his empire in one thread? Discuss.
Elaborate the nature of the Revolt of 1857.
Gandhiji was as much a social reformer as he was a politician. Discuss.
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.
Separate electorates was a “poison that has entered the body politic of our country” declared Sardar Patel. It was a demand that had turned one community against another, divided the nation, caused bloodshed and led to the tragic partition of the country.
Divide and rule was the policy of the British ruler and they had sown such seeds. Ultimately the tragic partition of the nation took place with bloodshed.
By which values the bloodshed might have been stopped?
Answer any five of the following Questions:
Kanishka was known as second Asoka. Evaluate.
Buddhism declined in India whereas Jainism remained there in some parts. Explain.
What were the similarities in Sufi and Bhakti traditions? Explain.
What were the main features of the administration of rulers of Vijaynagar Empire? Discuss.
Why was the Lottery Committee constituted? What steps were taken for the town-planning in Calcutta?
What methods were used to oppose the British Rule during the non-cooperation movement? Discuss.
Source Based Questions
Read the following excerpts carefully and answer the questions that follows.
The Sudarshana Lake in Gujarat
Find Gimar on Map 2. The Sudarshana lake was an artificial reservoir. We know about it from a rock inscription (c. second century CE) in Sanskrit, composed to record the achievements of the Shaka ruler, Rudradaman.
The inscription mentions that the lake, with embankments and water channels, was built by a local governor during the rule of the Mauryas. However, a terrible storm broke the embankments and water gushed out of the lake. Rudradaman, who was then ruling in the area, claimed to have got the lake repaired using his own resources. Without imposing any tax on his subjects.
Another inscription on the same rock (c. fifth century) mentions how one of the rulers of the Gupta dynasty got the lake repaired once again.
- Name two rulers whose names are associated with the repair work.
- Who was Rudradaman? What is he best remembered for?
- Why did rulers make arrangements for irrigation?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
The One Lord
Here is a composition attributed to Kabir: Tell me, brother, how can there be no one lord of the world but two? Who led you so astray? God is called by many names: Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari, and Hazrat. Gold may be shaped into rings and bangles. Isn’t it gold all the same? Distinctions are only words we invent. Kabir says they are both mistaken. Neither can find the only Ram. One kills the goat, the other cows. They waste their lives in disputation.
- What is Kabifs argument against distinction made between gods of different communities?
- Give three teachings of Kabir.
- Differentiate between Nirgun and Sagun-Bhakti saints. Give one example of each.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
What Talugdars thought
The attitude of the taluqdars was best expressed by Hanwant Singh, the Raja of Kalakankar, near Rae Bareli. During the mutiny, Hanwant Singh had given shelter to a British officer, and conveyed him to safety. While taking leave from the officer, Hanwant Singh told him:
Sahib, your countrymen came into this country and drove out our king. You sent your officers round the districts to examine the titles to the estates. At one blow you took from me lands which from time immemorial had been in my family. I submitted. Suddenly misfortune fell upon You. The people of the land rose against you. You came to me whom you had despoiled. I have saved you. But now, I march at the head of my retainers to Lucknow to try and drive you from the country.
- Why were the people angry according to Singh? What happened to his family?
- What happened under the Summary Settlement of 1856. Explain.
- What was the result of the dispossession of the Taluqdars? Explain.
(17.1) On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols:
(b) Agra, the imperial capital of Mughal.
(17.2) On the same outline map of India, three centres related to the Indian National Movement have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Harisena was the poet laureate of the king Samudragupta.
(ii) He composed Prayag Prashasti in praise and honour of Samudragupta.
(i) Ibn-Batuta loved travelling. He went to different places to explore new world and people.
(ii) He considered experience gained through travels as an important source of knowledge than the books.
(i) The hill folk were known as the Paharias.
(ii) They earned their livelihood from the forest produce. They also practised shifting cultivation.
(i) The Harappans got food from a wide range of plant and animal products.
(ii) Wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame were the main grains included in their food. From many Harappan sites grains have been found.
(iii) The people also ate rice and millet. Millet have been found from many sites in Gujarat. Rice was not used much as they are relatively rare.
(iv) Bones of deer and gharial have been found. It can be imagined that the people of Harappan civilization ate their flesh and meat. Its is not known that they hunted themselves or got their meat from other hunting groups.
(v) Harappan people got food from many animals like sheep, goat, buffalo and pig: All these – animals were domesticated.
(i) Gotami-putra Satakami was the most brave king of Satavahana dynasty. Achievements:
(ii) He ruled from 106 CE to 130 CE and increased strength and prosperity of his dynasty.
(ii) He called himself the lone Brahmana and killed many kshatriyas. He defeated Shaka. Further he claimed to uproot the Kshatriya dynasty.
(iii) Nahapan was the important leader of this dynasty. Silver coins of Nahapan have been found. They might have been minted again. The empire of Satakami was spread from Malwa in North to Karnataka in South.
(a) The expenditure of Panchayat was being run from that financial pool which was contributed by every individual.
- This pool was used for the cost of entertaining revenue officials who used to visit the village from time to time. It was used to pay salary to mugaddam and chowkidar.
- This pool was also used to meet expenses for community welfare activities like flood and other natural calamities.
- These funds were used for community works like construction of a bund or digging a canal which peasants were unable to afford on their own.
(i) Akbar gave preference to national interests instead of developing any religion. He conquered whole of north India and tied it in one thread.
(ii) Akbar implemented same legal and administrative system in all of his provinces. In medieval period, Hindus were given same religious freedom like Muslims.
(iii) Akbar abolished the religious tax imposed on Hindus called Jizya. He married Rajput princess and permitted her to worship their deities according to Hinda traditions.
(iv) Din-e-Ilahi was a symbol of religious tolerance of Akbar. He began this religion to establish unity among Hindus and Muslims. Just because of these measures, Akbar succeeded in his mission.
(i) The people belonging to all sections of society participated in the revolt of 1857. The people as well as the soldiers were against the British.
(ii) Indians wanted to get rid of the oppression committed by the British. The soldiers revolted, not to accept any princely state, but to expel the British from India.
(iii) The rebellion did not spread in many parts of India. Many cities remained calm and quiet. But it did not mean that they did not like freedom.
(iv) Both the Hindus and the Muslims fought unitedly. It is evident that they were not happy with the imperial rule. They took up arms to send the British out of India.
(i) There is no denying the fact that Gandhiji was as much a social reformer as he was a politician. As a politician, he transformed Indian National Movement into a broad mass movement.
(ii) He (Gandhiji) was arrested in 1922 and was released from the jail in February 1924. He devoted his attention to encourage the home spun Khadi cloth and to eradicate untouchability from the society.
(iii) Gandhiji believed that Indians need to remove social evils like child marriage and untouchability in order to be worthy of freedom. He was of the view that all of us must prepare an atmosphere of harmony among different religious communities.
(iv) Gandhiji stressed on Hindu-Muslim harmony. He believed that Indians had to learn to become self reliant on economic front.
- Communal harmony
- Sense of peace and harmony.
- Not fight for the sake of humanity
- Feeling of co-existence.
- Kanishka was a brave soldier. He was a great patron of art and a great propagandist of religion.
- Kanishka was a great conqueror. He expanded his empire that was transfered from his ancestors. Chinese victory was known as his biggest victory.
- He was very effective and successful ruler. Moreover, entire authority of the kingdom was in his hands. Empire was divided into several provinces. ‘Kshatrap’ was the head of the province.
- Kanishka was a great patron and lover of art. He founded four cities; decorated these cities with pillars and sculptures. Gandhara art form was developed and flourished under his patronage. ‘Chaity’ of Peshawar made by Kanishka is the unique example of art form.
- He was a great patron of scholars and literary persons. There were many great scholars like Ashwaghosha, Vasumitra, Nagarjuna in his court.
- He was a religious king. Buddhism was spread by him in different parts of the world. He set up many monastries, provided monetary help to the monks. Fourth Conference of Buddhism was called by him. Necessary reforms were introduced by him in Buddhism. Mahayana, sect of Buddhism came into being during his age.
- Kanishka propagated Buddhism as Asoka did. He helped Buddhist monks and sent many persons to foreign countries to propagate Buddhism.
- He tried to remove defects of Buddhism, organised a conference. Due to his services for Buddhism, he is known as second Asoka.
- Buddhism grew and declined very rapidly in India. But the existence of Jainism remained . in different parts of India.
- It became very complex as time passed. Lot of evils and unnecessary customs and traditions were included in it, so people left it.
- Teachings of Buddha were started to be compile in Sanskrit language by the followers of Buddhism. Common masses were not able to understand the language, hence popularity of Buddhism declined.
- Buddhist monks were of high character but gradually lots of a lowlessness came in their character. They sharted to live in lavish atmosphere. Adverse impacts were also observed among the people.
- (After the death of Harsha, Buddhism could not receive help from the state. So, the popularity of Buddhism began to decline.
- Mahayana and Hinayana, the two branches of Buddhism emerged during the reign of Kanishka. No big difference between these two branches. Many followers of the Mahayana again inducted into Hinduism.
- Beyond Mauryan empire, Pushyamitra Shunga commited outrage on Buddhists. He killed lot of Buddhists. People were scared by this and they left Buddhism.
- Many invaders attacked many Mathas and Viharas and broke them down. Many Buddhists were killed by them, so it declined to a great extent.
- The emerging places of Sufi and Bhakti movements were different. The ideologies of both movements had many similarities.
- They considered man as the main subject. According to them, all human beings should live in peace and harmony.
- These movements believed in one God. As the Sufis stated that God is one and all of us are his children. Whereas the saints of Bhakti movement sang hymns in praise of God.
- The saints of both Sufi and Bhakti movements advised their followers to love the human beings which leads to love for God.
- The Sufi saints and Bhakts have praised Guru in their hymns. Pir, this term was used as Guru by Sufi saints. It was the only difference between both movements.
- Teachings of tolerance were communicated by the Sufis and Bhakts among their followers- Hindus and Muslims. They should live peacefully and unitedy.
- Saints of both movements propagated the teachings of love, harmony and welfare.
- There were great similarities between the Sufis and Bhakts regarding the Nature, God and other things.
The main features of the administration of rulers of Vijaynagar Empire were as follows.
- The chief of the central administration in Vijaynagar was the king himself. He held all the powers of administration.
- There was a council which helped the king in different issues.
- There were 200 provinces in the state of Vijaynagar. Prantpati was known as the chief of the province. They belonged to the royal family. Sometimes many of them belonged to powerful and wealthy families.
- Every province was divided into districts and districts were divided into pargamas and they were divided into villages.
- Powerful army was there to provide the protection for the state. Horses, elephants were there in the army and brave soldiers were deployed in the army.
- King was the chief justice of the state himself. The prantpati or subedar delivered the justice in the provinces. The punishments were very severe.
- The main source of income of the state was land revenue. Farmers had to pay 1/6 to l,/4 of produce of the crop as the land revenue.
- Farmers were wealthy and enjoyed a comfortable life. Generally, no economic crisis.
(a) Nature of Lottery Committee:
- The Lottery Committee was constituted in 1817 to help the government in carrying * out the work of town planning in Calcutta.
- The committee was named as the Lottery Committee because it raised funds for the development of the town through public lotteries.
- No funds were provided by the governments for the development of cities and town planning.
- The funds of town planning were raised by responsible public-minded citizens.
- Various steps were taken by the Lottery Committee for the development of Calcutta.
- The Lottery Committee commissioned a new map of Calcutta so that it could have a comprehensive picture of the city.
- ( It took up road building in the area of the city where the Indians lived mostly.
- All the encroachments from the banks of the rivers were removed by the committee.
The committee removed several huts to beautify and clean the city all round.
- Due to the demolition of the huts, many poor labourers were displaced. They were sent to the outskirts of Calcutta by the committee.
- The Non-cooperation Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. It had a set programme for the Indians to follow.
- The students were asked not to attend their schools and colleges for indefinite period,
- The lawyers were asked to boycott the law courts.
- The common people were asked to renounce voluntary association with the British government.
- Workers started strikes in various towns and cities. 396 strikes were carried out in different cities in 1921. Six lakh workers were involved. Seven million working days were lost.
- The hill tribes in Northern Part of Andhra Pradesh violated the forest laws.
- Peasants in Awadh did not pay taxes. Further they neglected to carry loads of colonial officials in Kumaun.
- Above mentioned methods were laid down for all the protestors. Lot of then adopted the methods which suited their interests.
(i) (a) Shaka ruler Rudradaman I and
(b) One of the rulers of the Gupta dynasty.
(ii) (a) Rudradaman was the most famous Shaka ruler in India. He ruled over Sindh, part
of Gujarat, Konkan, Narmada valley, Malwa and Kathiawar
(b) He is best remembered in history because of the work a he undertook to improve the Sudarshan lake using his own resources without imposing any tax on his subjects.
(iii) (a) Increase land under cultivation.
(b) To enable application of new transplantation technique for rice cultivation, to increase rice production.
(c) To enable equal supply of the resource i.e. water and that was the strategy of state controlling all economic activity.
(i) By his arguments, Kabir emphasised the unity of God. He is called by various names Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav and Hazrat. Hindus and Muslims worship the ultimate being. With the following example, Kabir convinced the people like the moulded into various shapes and forms as known bangles, rings, pendant etc.
(ii) (a) Kabir’s teachings emphasised that Hindus and Muslims are one and worship the same god.
(b) He urged the Hindus and Muslims to give up external religion.
(c) Emphasised fundamental unity of man and preached a religion of love. He used Sufi concept of Zikr and Ishq.
(iii) Sagun bhakti: worship of God with form e.g. Mirabai.
Nirgun Bhakti-worship of god without form e.g. Kabir and Nanak.
(i) The people were angry because the British had overthrown the king. The titles of the estates were re-examined by the officers. People’s lands had been taken away including his, which had been in his family for generations.
(ii) There was assumption among the British that the Taluqdars were removed whereever possible whereby the taluqdars now held only 38% of the land in Awadh.
(iii) (a) Due to dispossession the taluqdars were hard hit, they lost more than 1/2 the villages that they had held.
(b) They were disarmed and their forts destroyed.
(c) They lost their power and prestige and their autonomy ended.
(2) (A) Calcutta (B) Kanpur (C) Bombay
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