Understanding Secularism Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Understanding Secularism
Understanding Secularism Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 2 Very Short Answers Type
Which country passed a law banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political sign or symbols?
France passed this law.
When did the France face a shortage of workers?
In the 1960’s France had faced a shortage of worker.
What has been granted by the Indian Constitution for the religious communities regarding institution?
The Indian Constitution grants the right to religious communities to set up their own schools and college.
What can be the seen as the government policy of treating all religions equal in regard to government schools?
The celebration of religious festival within the school is prohibited.
State any one of the objectives that ensures that Indian Constitution mandates Indian State to be secular.
One religious community does not dominate another.
What is secularism in Indian context?
India adopted a strategy separating the power of religion and the power of State, which is called secularism.
What does Indian constitutions bans completely?
Indian constitution bans untouchability.
What type of strict separation exists in USA?
There is a strict separation between religion and state in the USA.
It means to force someone to do something. It also refers to the force used by a legal authority like state.
What does secularism refers to in this chapter?
Secularism refers to the separation of religion from the state.
What is mandatory for Indian state in respect to Indian secularism and its mentioning in the Indian constitution.
It is mandatory for the Indian state to be secular.
What restriction are put on the government schools in way to make India a proper secular state?
They are restricted to promote any religions either in morning prayer or through religions celebration.
On what type of other strategy does the Indian secularism works.
Indian secularism also works on the strategy of non-interference.
Give the best example of exception made by the state for particular religious communities in order to respect the sentiments of all religious and not interfere with religious practices.
Example is A Sikh while riding bike can wear Pugri (turban) instead of helmet.
By whom were the Jews persecuted?
They were persecuted by Hitler in Germany.
In which year does the France passed the law banning wearing of any conspicious religious or political signs?
How does the children in government school of USA have to begin their school day?
In USA the most children in the government schools have to begin their school day reciting 6 pledge of Allegiance.
Which community is taken or granted exception from wearing helmets in India?
Understanding Secularism Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 2 Short Answers Type
How is the Indian State a secular State and what has it actually adopted to prevent religious domination?
India is a secular State and it works in various ways to prevent religious domination. The Indian Constitution guarantees Fundamental Rights that are based on the secular principles. Indian Constitution intervened in Hindu religious practices in order to abolish untouchability.
In Indian secularism though the State is not strictly separate from religion and it does maintain a principled distance vis-a-ui religion. This is how religious domination is prevented.
According to Ist amendment of the US Constitution what does it prohibit?
The first amendment of the US Constitution prohibits the legislature from making laws “respecting an establishment of religion” or that “prohibit the free exercise of religion”. The meaning of word establishment is that the legislature cannot declare any religion as the official religion nor can they give preference to one religion as the official religion.
How does Indian State prevent the religious dominations by using the strategy of distancing itself from religion?
The Indian State works in various ways to prevent domination and one of the way is by using a strategy of distancing itself from religion. The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group and nor does it support any one religion.
In India government spaces like law courts, police stations, government, schools and offices are not suppressed to display or promote any one religion.
What does the examples from the history provides us or shows us?
Examples from the history provide us or shows us how there was discrimination, exclusion and persecution on the ground of religion.
What will be the consequences of the time if majority religious groups will have access to state power?
If majority religious groups have the access to state power, they misuse their power against other religions. The majority could quite easily prevent minorities from practising their religions, can create tyranny and violate the Fundamental Rights.
Understanding Secularism Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 2 Long Answers Type
How does the Indian Constitution mandate the Indian State to be secular?
The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian State should be secular. According to the Constitution, only a secular State can realize its objectives to ensure the following:
- That one religious community does not dominate another.
- The some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.
- That the State does not enforce any particular religion not does it take away the religious freedom of individuals.
Following the Indian Constitution.
- The Indian State works in various way to prevent the above domination.
- First it was strategy of distancing itself from religion.
- Second the Indian secularism works to prevent the domination through a strategy of non-interference.
- Third way in which Indian secularism works to prevent domination is through a strategy of intervention.
Explain what all had happened in France starting from February 2004 till the expulsion of girls from their school for wearing headscarves?
In February 2004, France passed a law banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political signs or symbols such as the Islamic headscarf, the Jewish skullcap, or large Christian crosses. This law has encountered a lot of resistance from immigrants who are mainly from the former French colonies of Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco.
In the 1960’s, France had faced a shortage of workers and, therefore, had provided visas for these immigrants to come and work in the country. The daughters of these immigrants often wear headscarves while attending school. However, with the passing of this new law, they have been expelled from their school for wearing headscarves.
Picture Based Questions Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism
Look at the picture given below and answer the following questions:
1. What was the question asked by Rekha from her teacher of the government school?
2. In which area is the above government school is situated?
3. What was the explanation given by sir when he said no for the celebration of festival in government school?
1. She asked that “there is a big religious festival next month. We’ve never celebrated it in school can we do it this year”.
3. According to him, government schools cannot give importance to anyone religion private school may do that but govt, schools don’t celebrate any religious festivals in the school premises.
1. Which words does the ‘Pledge of Allegiance’ includes.
2. What does the above picture shows.
1. This pledge includes the words “under God”.
2. The picture shows about the students taking the “Pledge of Allegiance’ in a govt, school in the USA