On The Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science SST History Chapter 2 On The Trial of the Earliest People.
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Class 6 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers On The Trial of the Earliest People
On The Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Very Short Answers Type
Where was Tushar going and for which purpose?
Tushar was going from Delhi to Chennai for his cousin’s wedding.
When did the early people live in subcontinent?
As early as 2 million years ago.
How did the early people get their food?
They hunted animals, caught fishes and birds and gathered fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks and eggs.
What were the main things by which tools were made up by the early people?
What do you understand by “Factory Site”?
Places where stone was found and people made tools are called “Factory Site”.
What do you understand by “Habitation Site”?
Places, where people lived, are called “Habitation Site”.
What do you understand by “Habitation-cum-factory” Site?
Places where people lived as well as made tools are called “Habitation-cum-factory Site”.
Habitation Site ‘Bhimbetka” is presently situated in which State?
In Madhya Pradesh.
Where did the early people live?
They lived in caves and rock shelters.
Give the name of places where natural caves and rock shelters were found?
In the Vindhyas and the Deccan Plateau near to the Narmada Valley.
Why did people chose to live in caves and shelters?
Because these provided shelter from the rain, heat and wind.
Where has ash of fire been found?
In Kumool caves.
What were the uses of fire?
Fire was used to cook meat and scare away wild animals.
When did major changes occur in environment?
Around 12,000 years ago.
What do you understand about “Mesolithic”?
Mesolithic is middle stone. The time span of this period is about 12,000 years ago to about 10,000 years ago.
What do you understand about “Microliths”?
During this period, stone tools found are generally tiny (small) and probably saws and sickles were used and their handles were made up of bone or wood.
Did the early people know the painting?
Yes, they knew.
Where did they make the painting?
They made the painting of the walls of caves.
Give best examples of places where these paintings found and what was made in the painting. Answer:
These paintings were found in Madhya Pradesh and were in southern Uttar Pradesh. Wild animals
were found in most of their paintings.
Evidence of Ostrich habitation in India was found in which period? Give name of the place. Answer:
In Palaeolithic period, the name of the place where Ostrich habitation was found is-Patne in
What were the things the tools were made up of in Hunsgi?
The tools found in Hunsgi were made up of limestones.
On The Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Short Answers Type
Mention the techniques that were used to make stone tools.
It is found that the early people used tools which were made by following ways:
Stone on Stone technique: In this technique, one stone was made with the use of another stone. The stone which was to be developed as a tool was taken in the hand and another stone was used as a hammer. The stone used as a hammer was used to strike off flakes from the first stone. This process was repeated till the required shape was obtained.
Pressure flaking: In this technique, the stone or bone was put on a hard surface and hammer stone was used for flaking off stone or bone. By the removal of flakes, stone or bone became a tool.
What do you understand about “Palaeolithic”?
The earliest period was called Palaeolithic. The word ‘palaeo’ is a Greek word which means ‘old’ and ‘lithos’ means ‘stone’. It means “Palaeolithic” is Old Stone. During this period, stone tools were used by the people and hence, this period is known as “Palaeolithic”. This period extends from 2 million years ago to about 12,000 years ago. This period is divided into Lower, Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. This covers 99% time of human history.
What were the reasons for hunter-gatherers to move from one place to another?
The early people moved from one place to another place due to:
- Lack of plants and animals
- For following the movements of cattle
- Lack of seasonal fruits
- In search of water
What was result of changes in environment?
The shifting of warm conditions led to development of grasslands. This in turn led to increase in wild animals who survived on grass. People started thinking about herding and rearing these animals. Fishing also started. Grain bearing grasses like wheat, barley and rice grew naturally in different parts of subcontinent.
Write about the painting done by the early people.
The early man lived in caves. They formed paintings on the walls and the caves. These paintings were made up beautifully by using colours. Sometimes, the colours were made up of ochre or iron-ore and charcoal. Perhaps, these paintings were made on special occasions.
On The Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Long Answers Type
What were the difficulties faced by hunter-gatherers?
There were several animals that ran faster than man and many were stronger and thus, the early people needed to be alert, quick and have lots of presence of mind. Many plants and its products like fruits, nuts, roots were also dangerous. In the early period, they did not have sharp tools. The hunting tools were made up of stone and bones.
So, it was not easy to hunt the animals which ran faster. Likewise, use of unknown plants and its products was not safe. Gradually, one by one they would have learnt about the safe and unsafe plants. So, the difficulties were how to hunt the animals and birds and selection of non-poisonous plants and its products.
Write short note on:
(a) Factory Sites
(b) Habitation-cum factory site
(c) Habitation Sites
(a) & (b) In the Stone age, the people were very much dependent on stone. They used stone for their tools. This way, the most important thing was stone for the people. They moved to the places where good quality and large quantity of stone was found. They used such places as factory and they made tools at such places, as per requirement.
Chips of waste stone were left behind at these sites. Such sites are called Factory Sites. Further, sometimes people lived here for a long time and used these sites or places as a habitation too and hence, it is called “Habitation-cum factory site”.
(c) Habitation Sites are those where people lived.
Picture Based Questions Class 6 History Chapter 2 On The Trial of the Earliest People
Look the picture and answer the following questions:
(a) In which country was this picture found?
(b) How many years old is this picture?
(c) The colors used in the picture are made up of?
(a) This picture was found in France.
(b) About 20,000-10,000 years old.
(c) minerals like ochre or iron ore and charcoal.
Map-Based Questions Class 6 History Chapter 2 On The Trial of the Earliest People
Find out following on Indian Map
(i) Indus River