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MCQ Questions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 3 Glimpses of the Past with Answers
In the year 1765, in India
(a) The British Govt, ruled most of the country
(b) East India Company ruled most parts of India
(c) Indian princes ruled most of the country
(d) The Mughals ruled the whole country
Answer: (c) Indian princes ruled most of the country
From 1757 to 1849, there was no peace in India because
(a) the Indian Princes kept fighting each other
(b) the East India Company was cruel
(c) Tipu Sultan fought the British
(d) there were Hindu-Muslim riots
Answer: (a) the Indian Princes kept fighting each other
The business community welcomed the British because
(a) they liked Europeans
(b) they disliked their own countrymen
(c) the British rule had brought a degree of peace
(d) they were afraid of the British
Answer: (c) the British rule had brought a degree of peace
The worst sufferers under the British rule were
(a) who served in East India Company
(b) the business community
(c) the religious leaders
(d) the poor farmers and artisans
Answer: (d) the poor farmers and artisans
In the early nineteenth century Raja Ram Mohan Roy was
(a) an able fighter
(b) an important reformer
(c) a great religious person
(d) a great king
Answer: (b) an important reformer
Under Regulation III of the British rulers
(a) Indians were to pay higher taxes
(b) British goods became cheap
(c) cotton-wearers became poor
(d) Indians could be jailed without trial in a court.
Answer: (d) Indians could be jailed without trial in a court.
Between 1822 and 1836 ___ people died of starvation in India.
(a) ten thousand
(b) fifteen lakh
(c) fifty thousand
(d) forty lakh
Answer: (b) fifteen lakh
What did the British impose on the Indian farmers?
(a) Heavy taxes
(b) Service taxes
(c) Regulation II
(d) Regulation III
Answer: (a) Heavy taxes
What was the value of the British goods exported to India in 1829?
(a) Five crores
(b) Six crores
(c) Seven crores
(d) Eight crores
Answer: (c) Seven crores
Which Englishman reported the plight of India to England?
(a) Babington Macaulay
(b) General Bentinck
(c) William Jones
(d) Simon John
Answer: (b) General Bentinck
What were the reasons behind the prospering British?
(a) Company’s loot
(b) Killing of Indians
(c) Divide and rule policy
(d) Missionary zeal
Answer: (a) Company’s loot
How does the speaker explain the problem to his wife?
(a) By giving the example of cows and milk
(b) By giving the example of great leader
(c) By giving the example of religious leaders
(d) By giving the example of different teachers
Answer: (a) By giving the example of cows and milk
Who killed the adjutant of his regiment?
(b) Mangal Pandey
(d) Kunwar Singh
Answer: (b) Mangal Pandey
Short Answer Type Questions
Name the three prime-ministers of Independent India whose pictures you have seen in this lesson.
Answer: These three prime ministers of India are : Pt. Jawahar Lai Nehru, Sh. Lai Bahadur Shastri and Smt. Indira Gandhi.
Name two things that helped the British to extend their power in 18th century India.
Answer: The British had superior weapons. There were the quarrels among Indian princes. These things helped the British to extend their power in 18th century India.
Why did some people thank God for sending the British ?
Answer: Many people had been fed up with the warring kings. Moreover, these kings did not care about their subjects. So they were glad that the English had subdued them. Moreover, the English gave better order and security to the common man.
Some people disliked Indian princes, yet they resented the English rule. Why ?
Answer: These people were patriots. They said that the bad kings were at least Indians. They did not like the foreign rule at any cost.
Name three absurd practices which the religious leaders preached in the latter half of the 17th century.
Answer: In the latter half of the 17th century, the religious leaders preached absurd practices. Three of them were—untouchability, child marriage and Sati-pratha.
What did these religious leaders of the 18th century say about women ?
Answer: These religious leaders said that all the misery of the world was due to women. They said that the women who died as Sati were fortunate.
What did the British think about the Indians of the 18th century ?
Answer: The British said that the natives were unworthy of trust. They called them dishonest.
What was the condition of the farmers under the British rule during 1765-18361
Answer: The farmers suffered greatly. They were very heavily taxed. Sometimes, their entire crop was taken as land-tax. Even this did not free them of the taxes. If they did not pay, they were sent to jail.
How did the British cripple the Indian Industry ?
Answer: The intention of the British was to make maximum profits. So the English goods were imported duty-free into India. The Indian goods were heavily taxed. Consequently, the goods manufactured in India could not stand competition and began to die. Not only this, the British cut the thumbs of expert artisans.
How did Ram Mohan Roy try to put confidence into Indians ?
Answer: Ram Mohan Roy was a learned man from Bengal. He asked Indians not to despise themselves. He said that India had a great culture. He assured them that they were capable of greater achievements.
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