Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Rural Livelihoods
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Very Short Answers Type
What is Kalapattu?
Kalapattu is a village.
Where is Kalapattu situated?
Kalapattu is situated close to the sea coast in Tamil Nadu and surrounded by low hills.
Which types of work are undertaken in the village Kalapattu?
People here do many kinds of work. Here people do many farming and non-farming works.
What do they mainly produce under agricultural activities?
Paddy is the main crop that is grown in irrigated lands. Most of the families earn their living through agriculture.
Where does Thulasi work?
Thulasi works on Ramalingam’s land.
Who is Ramalingam?
Ramalingam is a landlord of village Kalapattu. He has 20 acres of land in Kalapattu.
How much does land Sekar has?
Sekar has two acres of land.
How does Sekar do his farming work?
During the harvest time, he takes help of other small farmers and in turn help them by harvesting their field.
How does Sekar get seeds and fertilizers?
Sekar takes seeds and fertilizers as a loan from the trader. And in turn, he sells out his paddy to him at lower price.
How do people run their livelihood in Pudupet village?
In the Pudupet village people run their livelihood by fishing.
Which is the basic activity of coastal areas?
The villages situated near coastal areas adopt fishing.
Where did Aruna and Paarivelan live?
Aruna and Paarivelan lived in Pudupet village.
How was fishing items purchased by Aruna and Paarivelan?
Aruna and Paarivelan had taken a loan from bank for purchasing fishing items.
In which season do the fishermen not go for fishing?
During the monsoon season that is around 4 months, fishermen do not go for fishing in the sea.
How do fishermen survive during the monsoon period?
In the monsoon season, fishermen survive by borrowing from the traders.
How do crops get ruined?
The crop can also be ruined by the following ways:
- If the monsoon does not bring enough rain or heavy rain.
- Due to hailstorm
- Harmful diseases of crops etc.
What is condition of small farmers in India?
Small farmers barely meet their needs and 80% of farmers belong to this group.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Short Answers Type
What does Thulasi’s husband Raman do?
Thulasi’s husband Raman is also a labourer. He sprays pesticides, loading sand from the river or stone from the quarry nearby. This is sent by truck to be used in nearby towns to make houses.
What does Thulasi work at home?
Thulasi does all the tasks at home. She cooks food, cleans the house, and washes clothes, collecting firewood, fetching water, grazing their cattle, getting materials such as groceries for the house.
State number of labourers in India.
In India nearly two out of every five rural families are agricultural labourer families. Many of them are landless and others may own very small plots of land.
What are the source of livelihood in Central India villages?
In some villages in Central India, both farming and collection from the forest are important sources of livelihood. Collecting mahua, tendu leaves, honey, to be sold to traders, is an important source of additional income.
What do you understand about ‘terrace cultivation’?
‘Terrace cultivation’ means the land on a hill slope is made into flat plots and carved out in steps. The sides of each plot are raised in order to retain water. This allows water to stand in the field, which is best for rice cultivation.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Long Answers Type
Write about debt problem of farmers in India.
The Indian farmers are always in debt. The most farmers are permanent debtors. Almost all the time they have a sum of debt. Once the farmer falls into debt due to crop failure or low prices of crops or mal-practices of moneylenders; he can never come out of it.
In fact, a large part of the liabilities of farmers is ‘ancestral debt’. Thus along with his landed property, he passes on his debt to his successors.
There are main causes of farmers’ indebtedness:
- Low earning power of the borrower
- Use of loan for unproductive purposes
- The excessively high rate of interest charged by the moneylenders
- The manipulation of accounts by the lenders.
- Drought or heavy rain;
- Improper rates of farmers’ crops etc.
Describe about Rural livelihoods.
People in rural areas earn their living in various ways. Some work in farms while others earn their livelihood in non-farming activities. Working on farms involves operations such as preparing the land, sowing, weeding and harvesting of crops. Rural people in different regions of the country grow different crops. However, we do find similarities in their life situations and in the problems that they face. Many depend on these lands for work as labourers.
Most farmers grow crops both for their own requirements and also to sell in the market, these are called big farmers. Some have to sell to traders from whom they have borrowed money, these are small farmers. Most small farmers, agricultural labourers, fishing families, crafts persons in the villages do not find enough work to keep them employed throughout the year.
What things effect the crop production negatively and how much do the small farmers suffer from the situation?
If the seeds are not of good quality or pests attack their crop there can be a major crop failure. The crops can also be ruined if the monsoon does not bring enough rain. When this happens farmers sometimes are unable to pay back their and, for the family to survive, they may even have to borrow more money.
Soon the loan becomes so large that no matter what they earn, they are unable to repay. This is when we can say they are caught in debt. In recent years this has become a major cause of distress among farmers. In some areas this has also resulted in many farmers committing suicide.