Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 8 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Set 8 with Solutions
Time : 2 Hours
Max. Marks : 40
- This Question paper is divided into five sections-Section A, B, C, D and E.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Section-A: Question no. 1 to 5 are very short answer type questions of 2 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 40 words.
- Section-B: Question no. 6 to 8 are short answer type questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 80 words.
- Section-C: Question no. 9 and 10 are long answer type questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 120 words.
- Section-D: Question no. 11 and 12 are Case Based questions.
- Section-E: Question no. 13 is map based, carrying 3 marks with two parts, 13.1 from History (1 mark) and 13.2 from Geography (2 marks).
- There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in a few questions. Only one of the choices in such questions have to be attempted.
- In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Section – A
Very Short Answer Type Questions (2 x 5 = 10)
State the outcomes of the Poona Pact and how did it benefit the Dalits? (2)
In September 1932, the Poona Pact was signed between B.R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi.
(i) It provided the depressed classes reserved seats in Central and Provincial Legislative Councils.
(ii) The reserved seats were to be voted in by the general electorate.
What is the significance of the title ‘Lifelines of National Economy’? (2)
The pace of development of any country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space. The movement of these goods and services can be over three domains of the earth i.e., land, water and air.
(i) Therefore, efficient means of transport are prerequisites for rapid development. They connect one part of the country to the other part and help the industries to obtain raw materials as well as deliver finished products.
(ii) It also develops a nexus among different cultures and religions. Agriculture also depends on transportation. Thus, they are known as the lifeline of an economy.
Who has the responsibility to formulate the laws in the country? (2)
The political party receiving the mandate of the people forms the government and plays a decisive role in making laws for a country.
(i) The government, along with the other chosen members of the legislature, forms the laws in the country.
(ii) The procedure of legislation making involves the participation of the leaders of the different political parties as well.
Discuss the difficulties faced by a borrower when a loan is taken from an informal sector. (2)
The difficulties faced by a borrower when a loan is taken from an informal source are:
(i) Compared to the formal moneylenders, most of the informal moneylenders charge a much higher interest rate on loans. The cost to the borrower of informal loans is much higher.
(ii) The higher cost of borrowing means a larger part of the earnings of the borrowers is used to repay the loan due to which borrowers have less income left with them. This can lead to increasing debt.
Study the given table and answer the following questions: (2)
|Gauge (m)||Route (Km)||Running Track (km)||Total Track (km)|
|Narrow (0.762 and 0.610)||1,751||1,752||1,901|
Source: Railway Yearbook 2017-18, Ministry of Railways, Government of India.
Question 1. (1)
Which type of gauge has the largest running track for the railways?
Broad Gauge has the largest running track of around 89,521 km as per the statistics of the railway yearbook of 2017-2018.
Question 2. (1)
Which type of gauge is rarely used in India?
The type of gauge that is rarely used in India is Narrow Gauge, which has a running track of only 1,752 km as per the railway yearbook of 2017-2018.
Section – B
Short Answer Type Questions (3 x 3 = 9)
Concerning the Non-Cooperation Movement, what were the main ideas of Gandhiji?
Discuss some of the features of the Civil Disobedience Movement in India. (3)
In Gandhiji’s famous book, ‘Hind Swaraj’, it was stated that with the cooperation of the Indians, British rule was established in India.
(i) He mentioned that Swaraj would surely come if the Indians refused to cooperate with the Britishers.
(ii) Non-cooperation could start with the surrender of the titles given by the Britishers and the boycott of the army, civil services, police, legislative councils and courts.
(iii) Foreign-made clothes and liquor should be abandoned and the use of indigenous items should be started.
Some of the features of the Civil Disobedience Movement in India are:
(i) The movement was started after the breaking of the salt law in India during the Dandi March by Gandhiji.
(ii) This movement was started by Gandhiji to show resistance towards the discriminatory laws of the British government. It started with the breaking of the draconian salt law.
(iii) People organised rallies against the discriminatory laws of the British. They gave up their government service, left their jobs, boycotted British goods, etc.
(iv) Civil Disobedience was halted for a brief period after the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
(v) The participation of the Muslims in the Civil-Disobedience movement was not as significant as in the Non-Cooperation movement.
Discuss some of the reasons that led to the borrowing of money by the rural people. (3)
Some of the reasons for obtaining loans are:
(i) The main demand for credit is for crop production.
(ii) The activities related to crop production includes buying seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and other equipment.
(iii) Apart from this, water and electricity are also required, which needs a good amount of money.
Why democracy is always under a continuous test of evaluation? (3)
Democracy is a form of government in which the people are involved in the election of their representatives that ultimately forms the government. The role of people in a democracy is significant. At the same time, a democratic government is always under a continuous test of evaluation due to the following reasons:
(i) The expectations of the people in a democratic government keep on changing with time. The fulfilment of one promise led to the emergence of another one.
(ii) Society and its people revolves continuously and their demands also keep revolving. Something important at one instant may not be important at another.
(iii) People have the chance of changing their government if they are not satisfied with its functioning. Elections are held regularly in a democratic government.
(iv) A democratic government has to address the social, political, economic and cultural issues of the society, which is not an easy task. Due to these reasons, the government faces criticism from a wide section of the society.
Section – C
Long Answer Type Questions (5 x 2 = 10)
‘In a democracy, the political expression of social divisions is very normal and can be healthy’. Explain.
What do you mean by a political party? Describe the three components of a political party. (3)
In a democracy, the political expression of social division is very normal and can be healthy because:
(i) This allows variously disadvantaged and marginal social groups to express their grievances and get the government to attend to their grievances.
(ii) Expression of various kinds of social divisions in politics often results in their cancelling one another and thus reducing their intensity. This leads to the strengthening of democracy.
(iii) People who feel marginalised, deprived and discriminated against, have to fight against the injustices. Such a fight often takes the democratic path, voicing their demands peacefully and constitutionally and seeking a fair position through elections.
(iv) Sometimes, social difference can take the form of an unacceptable level of social inequality and injustice. The struggle against such inequalities sometimes takes the path of violence and defiance of state power.
(v) However, history reflects that democracy is the best way to fight for recognition and also to accept and accommodate diversity.
A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. Political parties take some policies and programmes for the society, intending to promote the collective good. Three components of a political party are:
(i) The leaders: Every political party has some prominent leaders who formulate policies and programmes of the party and choose candidates for contesting elections.
(ii) The active members: They are involved in different committees of the party and participate directly in their activity.
(iii) The followers: They believe in the party’s ideology and support the party by casting their votes in favour of the party at the time of the election.
Describe five characteristics of the WTO.
The impact of globalisation has been positive for every section of society. Analyse this statement. (3)
The five characteristics of WTO are:
(i) World Trade Organisation (WTO) is a powerful international organisation. It aims at liberalising international trade.
(ii) It establishes rules regarding international trade and sees that these rules are obeyed. Nearly 162 countries of the world are currently the members of the WTO, as on 30th November 2015.
(iii) WTO is supposed to allow free trade for all countries. But in practice, it is seen that the developed countries have unfairly retained trade barriers.
(iv) It regulates the international laws for trading between different nations.
(v) Disputes related to trade are resolved by the World Trade Organisation.
The impact of globalisation on different sections of society has been different. There are no equitable
benefits of globalisation to every section of the society.
(i) The Multi-National Companies are benefitted from globalisation as their business has expanded in several parts of the world.
(ii) Consumers are benefitted from globalisation as they have access to a larger and improved variety of products.
(iii) The governments have also been benefitted as MNCs have provided employment to a large section of the people and also are a source of revenue for the government in the form of taxes.
(iv) Globalisation is not beneficial for the local manufacturers and traders as they have to face stiff competition from foreign manufacturers.
(v) There are other issues related to environmental degradation, corruption, etc. due to globalisation.
Section – D
Case Based Questions (4 x 2 = 8)
Read the given text and answer the following questions: (4)
On 13th April the infamous Jallianwala Bagh incident took place. On that day a large crowd gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwala Bagh. Some came to protest against the government’s new repressive measures. Others had come to attend the annual Baisakhi fair. Being from outside the city, many villagers were unaware of the martial law that had been imposed. Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. His object, as he declared later, was to ‘produce a moral effect’, to create in the minds of satyagrahis a feeling of terror and awe. As the news of Jallianwala Bagh spread, crowds took to the streets in many north Indian towns. There were strikes, clashes with the police and attacks on government buildings. The government responded with brutal repression, seeking to humiliate and terrorise people: satyagraha was forced to rub their noses on the ground, crawl on the streets, and do salaam (salute) to all sahibs; people were flogged and villages (around Gujranwala in Punjab, now in Pakistan) were bombed. Seeing violence spread, Mahatma Gandhi called off the movement. While the Rowlatt Act Satyagraha had been a widespread movement, it was still limited mostly to cities and towns. Mahatma Gandhi now felt the need to launch a more broad-based movement in India. But he was certain that no such movement could be organised without bringing the Hindus and Muslims close together. One way of doing this, he felt, was to take up the Khilafat issue.
Answer the following questions:
What was the purpose of the large gathering in the enclosed grounds of Jallianwala Bagh on 13 April 1919?
Most of the people in the Jallianwala Bagh came to participate in the Baisakhi fair. Some of the people came for protesting against the repressive government measures.
What was the objective of General Dyer to open fire on the crowd in Jallianwala Bagh?
General Dyer gave orders to open fire on the innocent crowd at the Jallianwala Bagh. By taking such an action, he wanted to create a feeling of terror among the minds of the Indians.
How did the people react when the news of the Jallianwala massacre spread to the towns and cities?
People were furious about the act committed by the British and they consider it as the highest level of inhumanity.
(i) Huge crowds gathered in the streets to condemn the actions of the British.
(ii) There were strikes and clashes with the police authorities at several places.
(iii) There were attacks on the government buildings.
Read the given text and answer the following questions: (4)
The iron and steel industry is the basic industry since all the other industries — heavy, medium and light, depend on it for their machinery. Steel is needed to manufacture a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defence, medical, telephonic, scientific equipment and a variety of consumer goods. The production and consumption of steel are often regarded as the index of a country’s development. Iron and steel is heavy industry because all the raw materials, as well as finished goods, are heavy and bulky entailing heavy transportation costs. Iron ore, coking coal and limestone are required in the ratio of approximately 4 : 2 :1. Some quantities of manganese are also required to harden the steel. India ranks 3rd among the world crude steel producers. It is the largest producer of sponge iron. In 2016 per capita consumption of steel in the country was only around 63 kg per annum against the world average of 208 kg-
Why Iron and steel industry is a basic industry? (1)
Iron and steel industry is a basic industry as it provides raw materials to several other industries.
What are some of the uses of steel? (1)
Steel is the primary component for the engineering industry, construction material, defence and scientific equipment, medical and telephonic devices, etc.
What are some of the materials that are required for the iron and steel industry? (2)
Some of the different raw materials for the iron and steel industry are iron ore, coking coal and limestone. These three things are required in the ratio of 4 : 2 :1.
Besides these three materials, manganese is also required in small quantities to harden the steel.
Section – E
Map Skill Based Question (1 x 3 = 3)
On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it. (1)
(A) The place where the Civil Disobedience Movement began by breaking the Salt Law.
On the same given map of India, locate the following: (1)
(I) Tarapur Thermal Plant
(II) Thiruvananthapuram Software Technology Park (II) Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (1)