NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy.
(1) Which are the extreme locations connected by the East-West Corridor ?
(2) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays ?
(3) State two states which are connected with the HVJ pipeline.
(4) Which port is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east coast ?
(5) Which is the most important mode of transportation in India ?
(6) Which term is used to describe trade between two or more countries ?
- Silchar and Porbandar.
- Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.
- International trade.
Answer the following questions in about 30 words :
(1) State merits of roadways.
(1) Merits of roadways : India has one of the largest road networks in the world. It is about 2.3 million km at present. In India roads were built earlier than the railways which were started in 1853.
The merits of roadways are as mentioned below :
- The construction cost of roadways is much lower than that of the railways.
- Its maintenance is also cheap and easy.
- Roads can be built in mountainous areas. The roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography.
- Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and as such can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas.
- Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
- It provides door-to-door service, which results in lower cost of loading and unloading.
- It is used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports.
- Road transport connects fields with markets and factories.
- Road transport is useful for transport of perishable commodities.
Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation ?
- Railways can transport larger number of goods and passengers over long distances at economical cost. Hence, railways are the most convenient means of transport in the vast northern plains of India.
- The flat terrain, dense population, rich agricultural resources and greater industrial activity have favoured the development of railways in this region.
- The northern plains, therefore, have the densest railway network.
- Railways have accelerated the development of industry and agriculture in this region
by providing quick availability of raw materials and distributing the finished products to the markets.
- However, in spite of the fact that railways is the most convenient means of transportation in northern plains, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles.
What is the significance of the border roads ?
Significance of Border Roads is as mentioned below :
- The Border Roads are vital road link along the frontiers of our country.
- These roads are of strategic importance.
- These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain mainly in the northern and northeastern border areas.
- They have played a major role in the economic development of these areas.
- These roads are constructed and maintained by the Border Roads Organisation a government of India undertaking which was established in 1960.
What is meant by trade ? What is the difference between international and local trade ?
Trade, international and local trade :
(a) The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is known as trade.
(b) Difference between international and local trade is as given below :
|International Trade||Local trade|
(1) The exchange of commodities between two or more countries is termed as international trade.
(2) It may take place through sea, air or land routes.
(3) Export and import are the components of international trade.
(4) Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity. It is, therefore, considered the economic barometer for a country.
(5) The international trade leads to earning of foreign exchange and benefits for the traders and .exporters in the country.
(1) Local trade is carried within cities, towns or villages. Exchange of items takes place in local markets where items of local needs are catered to.
(2) Local trade mainly takes place through roads, railways or inland waterways.
(3) Sale and purchase are the components of local trade.
(4) Advancement of local trade is a sign of economic prosperity of the local people.
(5) It does not earn foreign exchange but helps in the fulfilment of needs of the people.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words :
(1) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and
its economy ?
(2) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.
(1) The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of nation and its economy due to reasons as mentioned below :
- Transport system helps in the movement of goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations.
- The means of transport provide an important link between the producers and consumers
- They help in development of agriculture and industry by providing raw materials and
distributing finished goods.
- A well-built transport system brings people of different regions within the country and world closer to one another. This promotes inter dependencies between them.
- With the development in science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport has expanded far and wide. Different countries, geographically far from each other,are now engaged in trade relations.
- With the advanced system of communication India is connected with rest of the world. Its flourishing international trade has added vitality to its economy and enriched the lives of the people by raising their living standards.
- Transport like railways help us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
- Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
- Waterways provide the cheapest means of transport.
- Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.A dense and efficient network of transport and communication are pre-requisites for fast development as well as national and global trade of today. Thus modem means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation and its modern economy.
(2) The nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years has changed due to , globalisation. Earlier bilateral agreements were made to conduct trade between two countries.
But through globalisation, an effort has been made to integrate national economies with the world economy. Now producers from outside country can sell their goods and services in other countries. Globalisation includes movement of capital as well as workers from one country to other country. The restrictions on the import of goods have been removed. Under World Trade
Organisation, efforts are being made to have multi-lateral agreements for international trade. WTO is regulating the international trade of goods as well as services. Thus international trade has undergone a sea change. The export of agriculture and allied products, ores, minerals, gems, jewellary, chemicals and allied products, engineering goods and petroleum products have increased. On the other hand import of petroleum and petroleum products, pearls and precious stones, inorganic chemicals, coal, coke have increased too. Exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge. India has emerged as a software giant at the international level. It is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology because of its fast growing Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector.
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