On this page, you will find NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 7 SST Our Country India will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
Our Country India Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 7
CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes Understanding The Lesson
1. India is a country of vast geographical expanse.
2. India is bounded by the lofty Himalayas in the north, Arabian Sea in the west, Bay of Bengal in the east and Indian Ocean in the south.
3. India has an area of about 3.28 million sq.km.
4. Kashmir to Kanyakumari (north to south) is about 3,200 km.
5. Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh (east to west) is about 2,900 km.
6. India has a diversity of landforms, climate, vegetation, wildlife, language, culture etc.
7. India is the second-most populous country of the world after China.
8. India is located in the northern hemisphere.
9. The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country.
10. From south to north, mainland of India extends between 8°4 ‘N and 37°6’N latitudes.
11. From west to east, India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.
12. The Sun rises two hours earlier in the east (Arunachal Pradesh) than in the west (Gujarat).
13. 82°30’E longitude has been taken as the Standard Meridian of India.
14. There are seven countries that share land boundaries with India. Their names are – Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, China, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
15. Our island neighbours are-Sri Lanka and Maldives.
16. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Palk Strait.
17. For administrative purposes, India is divided into 29 States and 7 Union Territories.
18. Delhi is the National Capital of India.
19. In terms of area, Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state.
20. States have been formed mainly on the basis of languages.
21. India is marked by a diversity of physical features such as mountains, plateaus, plains, coasts and islands.
22. The Himalayan Mountains are divided into three main parallel ranges.
23. The northernmost is the Great Himalaya or Himadri.
24. Middle Himalaya lies to the south of Himadri. Many popular hill stations are situated here.
25. The ‘Shiwalik’ is the southernmost range.
26. In the south of the Himalayas lie the Northern Indian plains. These are generally level and flat. Here the land is fertile for cultivation and there is high concentration of population.
27. In the western part of India lies the Great Indian Desert. It is dry, hot and sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.
28. To the south of northern plains lies the Peninsular Plateau. It is triangular in shape. This is a region with numerous hill ranges and valleys. On the border of it, oldest range of the world, Aravali hills are situated. The Vindhyas and the Satpuras are the important ranges. The rivers Narmada and Tapti flow through these ranges and drain into Arabian Sea.
29. The western coastal plains are very narrow.
30. The eastern coastal plains are much broader.
31. Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri are east flowing rivers and drain into the Bay of Bengal.
32. Lakshadweep Island is located in the Arabian Sea. These are coral islands located the coast of Kerala.
33. The Andman and the Nicobar Islands lie in to the Bay of Bengal.
Our Country India Class 6 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Strait: A narrow passage of water connecting two land areas.
Peninsula: A piece of land surrounded by water from three sides.
Plateau: An extensive elevated area.
Island: A piece of land that is surrounded by water on all the sides.
Corals: Corals are skeletons of tiny marine dead animals.
Alluvil deposits: These are very fine soils, brought by rivers and deposited in the river basin.