## RS Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1A

These Solutions are part of RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10. Here we have given RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1A.

**Other Exercises**

- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1A
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1B
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1C
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1D
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1E
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers MCQs
- RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Test Yourself

**Question 1.**

**What do you mean by Euclid’s division lemma?**

**Solution:**

For any two given positive integers a and b, there exist unique whole numbers q and r such that

a = bq + r, when 0 ≤ r < b.

Here, a is called dividend, b as divisor, q as quotient and r as remainder.

Dividend = (Divisor x Quotient) + Remainder.

**Question 2.**

**A number when divided by 61 gives 27 as quotient and 32 as remainder. Find the number.**

**Solution:**

Using Euclid’s divison Lemma

Dividend = (Divisor x Quotient) + Remainder

= (61 x 27) + 32

= 1647 + 32

= 1679

Required number = 1679

**Question 3.**

**By what number should 1365 be divided to get 31 as quotient and 32 as remainder.**

**Solution:**

Let the required divisor = x

Then by Euclid’s division Lemma,

Dividend = (Divisor x Quotient) + remainder

1365 = x x 31 + 32

=> 1365 = 31x + 32

=> 31x= 1365 – 32 = 1333

x = \(\frac { 1331 }{ 31 }\) = 43

Divisor = 43

**Question 4.**

**Using Euclid’s division algorithm, find the HCF of**

**(i) 405 and 2520**

**(ii) 504 and 1188**

**(iii) 960 and 1575**

**Solution:**

(i) 405 and 2520

HCF of 405 and 2520 = 45

**Question 5.**

**Show that every positive integer is either even or odd.**

**Solution:**

Let n be an arbitrary positive integer.

On dividing n by 2, let m be the quotient and r be the remainder, then by Euclid’s division lemma

n = 2 x m + r = 2m + r, 0 ≤ r < 2

n = 2m or 2m + 1 for some integer m.

Case 1 : When n = 2m, then n is even

Case 2 : When n = 2m + 1, then n is odd.

Hence, every positive integer is either even or odd.

**Question 6.**

**Show dial any positive odd integer is of the form (6m + 1) or (6m + 3) or (6m + 5), where m is some integer.**

**Solution:**

Let n be a given positive odd integer.

On dividing n by 6, let m be the quotient and r be the remainder, then by Euclid’s division Lemma.

n = 6m + r, where 0 ≤ r < 6 => n = 6m + r, where r = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

=> n = 6m or (6m + 1) or (6m + 2) or (6m + 3) or (6m + 4) or (6m + 5)

But n = 6m, (6m + 2) and (6m + 4) are even.

Thus when n is odd, it will be in the form of (6m + 1) or (6m + 3) or (6m + 5) for some integer m.

**Question 7.**

**Show that any positive odd integer is of the form (4m + 1) or (4m + 3), when m is some integer.**

**Solution:**

Let n be an arbitrary odd positive integer.

On dividing by 4, let m be the quotient and r be the remainder.

So by Euclid’s division lemma,

n = 4m + r, where 0 ≤ r < 4

n = 4m or (4m + 1) or (4m + 2) or (4m + 3)

But 4m and (4m + 2) are even integers.

Since n is odd, so n ≠ 4m or n ≠ (4m + 2)

n = (4m + 1) or (4m + 3) for some integer m.

Hence any positive odd integer is of the form (4m + 1) or (4m + 3) for some integer m.

**Question 8.**

**For any positive integer n, prove that n ^{3} – n is divisible by 6.**

**Solution:**

Let a = n

^{3}– n

=> a = n (n

^{2}– 1)

=> a = n (n – 1) (n + 1) [(a

^{2}– b

^{2}) = (a – b) (a + b)]

=> a = (n – 1 ) n (n + 1)

We know that,

(i) If a number is completely divisible by 2 and 3, then it is also divisible by 6.

(ii) If the sum of digits of any number is divisible by 3, then it is also divisible by 3.

(iii) If one of the factor of any number is an even number, then it is also divisible by 2.

a = (n – 1) n (n + 1) [From Eq. (i)]

Now, sum of the digits

= n – 1 + n + n + 1 = 3n

= Multiple of 3, where n is any positive integer.

and (n – 1) n (n +1) will always be even, as one out of (n – 1) or n or (n + 1) must be even.

Since, conditions (ii) and (iii) is completely satisfy the Eq. (i).

Hence, by condition (i) the number n3 – n is always divisible by 6, where n is any positive integer.

Hence proved.

**Question 9.**

**Prove that if x and y are both odd positive integers then x ^{2} + y^{2} is even but not divisible by 4.**

**Solution:**

Let x = 2m + 1 and y = 2m + 3 are odd positive integers, for every positive integer m.

Then, x

^{2}+ y

^{2}= (2m + 1)

^{2}+ (2m + 3)

^{2}

= 4m

^{2}+ 1 + 4 m + 4m

^{2}+ 9 + 12m [(a + b)

^{2}= a

^{2}+ 2ab + b

^{2}]

= 8m

^{2}+ 16m + 10 = even

= 2(4m

^{2}+ 8m + 5) or 4(2m

^{2}+ 4m + 2) + 1

Hence, x

^{2}+ y

^{2}is even for every positive integer m but not divisible by 4.

**Question 10.**

**Use Euclid’s algorithm to find HCF of 1190 and 1445. Express the HCF in the form 1190m + 1445n.**

**Solution:**

We find HCF (1190, 1145) using the following steps:

(i) Since 1445 > 1190, we divide 1445 by 1190 to get 1 as quotient and 255 as remainder.

By Euclid’s division lemma, we get

1445 = 1190 x 1 + 255 …(i)

(ii) Since the remainder 255 ≠ 0, we divide 1190 by 255 to get 4 as a quotient and 170 as a remainder.

By Euclid’s division lemma, we get

1190 = 255 x 4 + 170 …(ii)

(iii) Since the remainder 170 ≠ 0, we divide 255 by 170 to get 1 as quotient and 85 as remainder.

By Euclid’s division lemma, we get

255 = 170 x 1 +85 …(iii)

(iv) Since the remainder 85 ≠ 0, we divide 170 by 85 to get 2 as quotient and 0 as remainder.

By Euclid’s division lemma, we get

170 = 85 x 2 + 0 …(iv)

The remainder is now 0, so our procedure steps

HCF (1190, 1445) = 85

Now, from (iii), we get

255 = 170 x 1 + 85

=> 85 = 255 – 170 x 1

= (1445 – 1190) – (1190 – 255) x 4

= (1445 – 1190) – (1190 – 255) x 4

= (1445 – 1190) x 2 + (1445 – 1190) x 4

= 1445 – 1190 x 2 + 1445 x 4 – 1190 x 4

= 1445 x 5 – 1190 x 6

= 1190 x (-6) + 1445 x 5

Hence, m = -6, n = 5

Hope given RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1A are helpful to complete your math homework.

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